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Table 2 Gait function parameters of the healthy cognition group, low executive function group and impaired cognition group

From: Changes in sensory, postural stability and gait functions depending on cognitive decline, and possible markers for detection of cognitive status

Variable HC (n = 34) LEF (n = 19) IC (n = 19) p value Post-hoc
MEAN (SD) MEAN (SD) MEAN (SD) HC-LEF HC-IC LEF-IC
Step length (cm) 66.4 (6.6) 64.2 (5.2) 63.2 (5.2) NS
Stride length (cm) 128.4 (10.8) 124.5 (9.2) 123.0 (9.1) NS
Gait velocity (cm/sec) 121.2 (14.0) 112.3 (13.0) 110.2 (13.9) 0.011 NS 0.021 NS
Cadence (steps/min) 113.1 (6.8) 108.0 (6.3) 107.1 (7.4) 0.004 0.032 0.009 NS
Stride (ms) 1065.6 (64.3) 1115.4 (65.5) 1127.4 (84.1) 0.004 0.016 0.013 NS
Stance (ms) 648.2 (47.5) 689.0 (50.8) 696.8 (59.9) 0.003 0.020 0.018 NS
Swing (ms) 417.4 (21.3) 428.1 (18.5) 430.5 (28.9) NS
SLSP (%) 39.5 (1.2) 39.7 (1.2) 38.6 (1.3) 0.019 NS NS 0.027
DLSP (%) 21.3 (1.9) 21.9 (1.8) 23.1 (2.3) 0.008 NS 0.006 NS
SPP (%) 39.2 (1.1) 38.3 (1.2) 38.2 (1.2) 0.003 0.022 0.009 NS
LR (%) 10.4 (1.1) 10.7 (1.2) 11.4 (1.5) 0.016 NS 0.013 NS
MS (%) 21.2 (1.9) 20.8 (3.1) 19.6 (2.4) NS
TS (%) 18.3 (2.3) 18.9 (3.4) 19.0 (2.4) NS
PS (%) 10.9 (1.1) 11.2 (0.8) 11.7 (1.1) 0.024 NS 0.020 NS
  1. HC healthy cognition, LEF low executive function, IC impaired cognition, SLSP single limb support portion, DLSP double limb support portion, SPP swing phase portion, LR loading response, MS mid-stance, TS terminal stance, PS pre-swing, NS no significance, SD standard deviation
  2. Significance level p < 0.05