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Table 1 The sociodemographic characteristics and disease-related data of the participants in the present study

From: Access to, use, knowledge, and preferences for information technology and technical equipment among people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Sweden. A cross-sectional survey study

  Total (n = 120) Women (n = 86) Men (n = 34)
Gender, n (%)    
Female 86 (72)   
Male 34 (28)   
Age, mean, (SD),    
Years 72 (7.7) 72 (7.8) 74 (7.6)
Disease classification, n (%)    
GOLD group A 21 (18) 18 (21) 3 (9)
GOLD group B 50 (42) 32 (37) 18 (53)
GOLD group C 5 (4) 1 (1) 4 (12)
GOLD group D 44 (37) 35 (41) 9 (26)
Civil status, n (%)    
Living alone 61 (51) 51 (59) 10 (29)
Living together 59 (49) 35 (41) 24 (71)
Living condition, n (%)    
Villa or house 34 (28) 22 (26) 12 (35)
Apartment 86 (72) 64 (74) 22 (65)
Domestic home care, n (%) 13 (11) 10 (12) 3 (9)
Occupation, n (%)    
Working 16 (13) 10 (12) 6 (18)
Not working 104 (87) 76 (88) 28 (82)
Education status, n (%)    
 ≤ 8 years 19 (16) 12 (14) 7 (21)
9 years 17 (14) 14 (16) 3 (9)
10–11 years 17 (14) 14 (16) 3 (9)
 ≥ 12 years 67 (56) 46 (54) 21 (62)
Oxygen treatmenta, n (%) 10 (8) 7 (8) 3 (9)
α-1-antiprypsin deficiency, n (%) 3 (2) 2 (2) 1 (3)
Smoking status, n (%)    
Current smoker 16 (13) 11 (13) 5 (15)
Former smoker 100 (83) 73 (85) 27 (79)
Never smoker 4 (3) 2 (2) 2 (6)
BMI, mean (SD) 27 (5.5)* 27 (5.6)* 26 (5.0)
CAT total score, median 15 15.5 14.5
(min–max) (1–36) (2–36) (1–31)
Frändin-Grimby activity scaleb, median 4 4 3
(min–max) (1–6) (1–5) (1–6)
Walking aidc, n (%) 39 (32) 33 (38) 6 (18)
Comorbidities, n (%)    
Hypertension 70 (58) 50 (58) 20 (59)
Heart diseased 38 (32) 26 (30) 12 (35)
Anxiety, depression 33 (28) 31 (36) 2 (6)
Osteoporosis 33 (28)* 30 (35)* 3 (9)
Cancer 26 (22)** 20 (24)* 6 (18)*
Diabetes 17 (14) 9 (11) 8 (24)
Sleep apnea syndrome 15 (12) 11 (13) 4 (12)
Stroke 8 (7) 5 (6) 3 (9)
  1. BMI, Body mass index; CAT, COPD Assessment Test; COPD, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; GOLD group, Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease group; HRQL, health related quality of life
  2. aOxygen treatment ≥ 16 h/d and/or at activity, bA six-degree activity scale, including household activities, ranging from 1- “hardly any physical activity”, 2- “mostly sedentary”, 3- “easier physical exercise 2–4 h per week”, 4- “more strenuous exercise 1–2 h per week” 5- “more strenuous exercise > 3 h per week” to 6- “hard exercise several times a week”. cWalking aid used outdoor walker, cane or other. dHeart disease: myocardial infraction, heart failure, angina pectoris
  3. *One missing value, ** two missing values