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Table 3 Comparison of the mean scores of the use of different information resources for patient care and clinical decision-making between intervention and control groups at pretest and posttest

From: Assessing the effect of virtual education on information literacy competency for evidence-based practice among the undergraduate nursing students

Information resources Time Pretest Posttest Mean difference Statistic ta & p
Groups M ± SD M ± SD
Printed Intervention 2.57 ± 0.64 2.64 ± 1.10 0.07 t = 0.96
p = 0.34
  Control 2.70 ± 0.72 2.60 ± 0.49 − 0.10 t = 0.73
p = 0.47
  Statistic tb &
p
t = 0.81
P = 0.42
t = 0.30
p = 0.76
  
Electronic Intervention 2.36 ± 0.73 2.27 ± 0.74 − 0.09 t = 0.88
p = 0.38
  Control 2.56 ± 0.75 2.51 ± 0.59 − 0.05 t = 0.40
p = 0.69
  Statistic tb &
p
t = 1.19
p = 0.23
t = 1.60
P = 0.11
  
Human Intervention 2.66 ± 0.52 2.62 ± 0.92 − 0.04 t = 0.25
p = 0.80
  Control 2.87 ± 0.68 2.84 ± 0.65 − 0.03 t = 0.25
p = 0.80
  Statistic tb &
p
t = 1.50
p = 0.14
t = 1.54
p = 0.13
  
Total Intervention 2.70 ± 0.57 2.53 ± 0.54 − 0.17 t = 0.53
P = 0.60
  Control 2.63 ± 0.44 2.71 ± 0.60 0.08 t = 0.48
p = 0.63
  Statistic tb &
p
t = 1.39
P = 0.17
t = 1.33
P = 0.18
  
  1. aPaired t-test
  2. bIndependent t-test