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Table 6 Profile analysis of the use of HIE systems for laboratory medicine in hospitals

From: Advancing laboratory medicine in hospitals through health information exchange: a survey of specialist physicians in Canada

Characterization of the specialist physicians’
use of HIE for laboratory medicine
HIE usage profilesANOVA
LRV-iEHR-reliant users (n = 367)
LRV- reliant users
(n = 119)
iEHR-reliant users
(n = 80)
Extent of HIE consultationa
 Extent of consultation of the hospital’s LRV0.8910.7620.053642***397***
 Extent of consultation of the (province-wide) iEHR0.7710.0120.7711628***1497***
HIE capability of the hospital
 No. of LRV consultation capabilities available3.813.610.92153***-
Characteristics of the hospital
 Size (no. of specialist physicians)2322141811.6-
 Location [0: urban, 1: rural]0.2520.5110.25216.7***-
Characteristics of the user
 Gender [0: male, 1: female]0.510.500.491.2-
 Clinical experienceb3.
Benefits from HIE use for laboratory medicinec
 Benefits of LRV consultation3.613.611.82191***61***
 Benefits of iEHR consultation3.611.023.411063***978***
  1. Nota. Within rows, different subscripts indicate significant (p < 0.05) pair-wise differences between means (Tamhane’s T2 test)
  2. With five control variables: HIE capability, characteristics of the hospital, characteristics of the user
  3. aClustering variables [no. consultation capabilities used / no. of consultation capabilities available] ***p < 0.001
  4. b[1 = 5 years or less, 2 = 5-9, 3 = 10-14, 4 = 15-19, 5 = 20-24, 6 = 25 years or more]
  5. cAs perceived by the specialist physician on Likert scales of 1 [strongly disagree] to 5 [strongly agree]