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Table 1 Comparison between male and female participants regarding sociodemographic factors

From: Use and preferences regarding internet-based health care delivery in patients with chronic kidney disease

  Total Males Females Statistics
Chi-square
N (%) 380 224 (58.9%) 156 (41.1%)  
Age categories (years)     
18–34 35 (9.2%) 12 (5.4%) 23 (14.7%) χ2 = 17.547 (df = 4), p = .002
35–44 38 (10%) 18 (8.0%) 20 (12.8%)
45–54 58 (15.3%) 30 (13.4%) 28 (17.9%)
55–64 125 (32.9%) 85 (37.9%) 40 (25.6%)
65 + 124 (32.6% 79 (35.3%) 45 (28.8%)
Educational level     χ2 = 0.008 (df = 1), p = 0.93
< 12 years 230 (60.5%) 136 (60.7%) 94 (60.3%)
≥ 12 years 150 (39.5%) 88 (39.3%) 62 (38.7%)
Current occupation     χ2 = 18.444 (df = 5), p = .002
Full-time 91 (23.9%) 63 (28.1%) 28 (18.2%)
Part-time 50 (13.2%) 20 (8.9%) 30 (19.5%)
Not working 13 (3.4%) 7 (3.1%) 6 (3.9%)
Retired    
Old-age pension 125 (33.1%) 84 (37.5%) 41 (26.6%)
Early retirement 76 (20.1%) 37 (16.5%) 39 (25.3%)
Others 25 (6.6%) 13 (5.8%) 10 (6.5%)
Treatment group     
Dialysis patients, 1–5 years 109 (28.7%) 67 (29.9%) 42 (26.9%) χ2 = 4.993 (df = 4), p = 0.29
Dialysis > 5 years 40 (10.5%) 28 (12.5%) 12 (7.7%)
Dialysis > 10 years 32 (8.4%) 19 (8.5%) 13 (8.3%)
Transplant patients 166 (43.7%) 95 (42.4%) 71 (45.5%)
CKD patients (no renal replacement therapy) 33 (8.7%) 16 (6.7%) 18 (11.5%)
  1. CKD chronic kidney disease