Skip to main content

Table 5 Participants’ mean scores (with standard deviations within parentheses) on the primary and secondary outcome measures as a function of tailoring (tailored vs. generic risks) and message format (verbal-only vs. verbal and numerical combined) for high probability rate risks

From: Communicating tailored risk information of cancer treatment side effects: Only words or also numbers?

Measures Verbal-only “very common” Verbal and numerical combined “very common, 40 out of 100”
Generic Tailored Total Generic Tailored Total
Primary measures
Estimation of probability (in %) 71.0 (21.1) 78.9 (18.1)a** 74.9 (19.1) 53.5 (22.3) 54.0 (21.9) 53.7 (22.1)c***
Accuracy of estimation of probability (in %) 32.1 (19.5) 39.6 (16.7) a*** 35.8 (18.1) 17.4 (19.3) 17.9 (18.7) 17.7 (19.0)c***
Perceived likelihood of occurrence 4.73 (1.07) 5.02 (0.98) 4.87 (1.03) 4.23 (1.22) 4.28 (1.21) 4.26 (1.22)c***
Secondary measures
Perceived personal relevance 3.16 (0.74) 3.47 (0.80) a*** 3.39 (0.77) 3.34 (0.89) 3.47 (0.86) b*** 3.40 (0.88)
Perceived uncertainty 2.55 (1.30) 2.41 (1.37)a* 2.48 (1.34) 2.73 (1.20) 2.91 (1.36) 2.82 (1.28)
  1. aMean differs significantly compared to generic risk within verbal-only risk condition
  2. bMean differs significantly compared to generic risk within verbal and numerical combined condition
  3. cMean differs significantly compared to total verbal-only risk; *p < .01, **p = .001, ***p < .001
\