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Table 3 Bottom-up operationalization

From: Patient decision aids: a content analysis based on a decision tree structure

Criteria Definition
Decision tree
 Probable/Certain Represents option outcomes in probable or certain terms
 Frequencies Tool uses frequencies
 Percentages Tool uses percentages
 Includes significance estimate Background information presented includes insignificance estimates
 Number of Options Number of options presented by the tool
 Clustered Options Are multiple options clustered into a single one?
Decision process
 Interactive Tool accepts user input
 Related PDA Are there other tools which evaluate further possible treatments to the same problem, which could be used together to create a more balanced representation of the available options
 Section on what experts recommend Tool includes a section on what the experts recommend
 Cause investigation Tool suggests investigation of the cause of symptoms
Content
 Personal stories (PS) Tool includes personal stories
 No. of PS. Number of personal stories
 Changing order of PS. Order of stories changes each time tool is accessed
 Story 1–4 Reported outcomes Reported outcomes in story 1–4
 Story 1–4 Reported Side-effects Reported side-effects in story 1–4
 Story Reported Causes Do the stories reflect possible constraints/causes that have led to/facilitated the health situation experienced
 Includes quality assessment of the scientific evidence (GRADE) Background information presented includes quality assessment measures of the scientific evidence (e.g. GRADE levels)