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Table 2 Psychotropics prescribed to patients in 2000 and 2016 in three nursing homes with 386 and 416 patients the respective years

From: A retrospective comparison of inappropriate prescribing of psychotropics in three Norwegian nursing homes in 2000 and 2016 with prescribing quality indicators

  2000 2016 p-value
Patients n (%) n (%) Patients n (%) n (%)
All patients 386 (100.0)   416 (100.0)   
 Antidepressants   97 (25.1)   170 (40.9) < 0.001
 Antipsychotics   91 (23.6)   130 (31.3) 0.015
 Anxiolytics-hypnotics   102 (26.4)   268 (64.4) < 0.001
 Antiepileptics   29 (7.5)   49 (11.8) 0.042
One or more drugs 230 (59.6)   335 (80.5)   < 0.001
 Antidepressants   97 (42.2)   170 (50.7) 0.045
 Antipsychotics   91 (39.6)   130 (38.8) 0.856
 Anxiolytics-hypnotics   102 (44.3)   268 (80.0) < 0.001
 Antiepileptics   29 (12.6)   49 (14.6) 0.494
Two or more drugs 94 (24.4)   233 (56.0)   < 0.001
 Antidepressants   53 (56.4)   151 (64.8) 0.155
 Antipsychotics   53 (56.4)   114 (48.9) 0.222
 Anxiolytics-hypnotics   65 (69.1)   203 (87.1) < 0.001
 Antiepileptics   14 (14.9)   47 (20.2) 0.347
Three or more drugs 24 (6.2)   123 (29.6)   < 0.001
 Antidepressants   17 (70.8)   97 (78.9) 0.389
 Antipsychotics   17 (70.8)   72 (58.5) 0.260
 Anxiolytics-hypnotics   20 (83.3)   116 (94.3) 0.062
 Antiepileptics   6 (25.0)   35 (28.5) 0.730
≥ 1 interaction 63 (16.3)   146 (35.1)   < 0.001
 Antidepressants   43 (68.3)   134 (91.8) < 0.001
 Antipsychotics   38 (60.3)   63 (43.2) 0.023
 Anxiolytics-hypnotics   36 (57.1)   124 (84.9) < 0.001
 Antiepileptics   11 (17.5)   29 (19.9) 0.347
  1. Chi-square test was used for comparison of proportions. Notice that patients can be prescribed several concurrent categories of psychotropics. Categories of psychotropics are associated with patients with interactions, but not necessarily involved in the interactions