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Table 1 Psychotropics prescribed only in 2000, in both years, and only in 2016 in three nursing homes with 386 and 416 patients the respective years

From: A retrospective comparison of inappropriate prescribing of psychotropics in three Norwegian nursing homes in 2000 and 2016 with prescribing quality indicators

  2000 2000 and 2016 2016
Drug Patients n (%) Drug Patients n (%) Patients n (%) Drug Patients n (%)
Patients   386 (100.0)   386 (100.0) 416 (100.0)   416 (100.0)
Antidepressants  Clomipramine 1 (0.3) Amitriptyline 8 (2.1) 2 (0.5) Bupropione 4 (1.0)
 Doxepine 2 (0.5) Citalopram 51 (13.2) 25 (6.0) Escitalopram 57 (13.7)
 Nortriptyline 6 (1.6) Mianserin 15 (3.9) 10 (2.4) Mirtazapine 89 (21.4)
 Paroxetine 16 (4.1) Sertralin 8 (2.1) 15 (3.6) Moclobemide 1 (0.2)
      Venlafaxine 11 (2.6)
Antipsychotics  Chlorpromazine 7 (1.8) Chlorprotixene 2 (0.5) 3 (0.7) Clozapine 4 (1.0)
 Flupenthixol 3 (0.8) Haloperidol 14 (3.6) 27 (6.5) Quetiapine 72 (17.3)
 Fluphenazine 1 (0.3) Levomepromazine 18 (4.7) 4 (1.0)   
 Melperon 5 (1.3) Lithium 2 (0.5) 1 (0.2)
 Perphenazine 3 (0.8) Olanzapin 7 (1.8) 13 (3.1)
 Sertindole 1 (0.3) Risperidon 33 (8.5) 8 (1.9)
   Prochlorperazine 2 (0.5) 1 (0.2)
   Zuclopentixol 4 (1.0) 2 (0.5)
Anxiolytics-hypnotics  Buspirone 1 (0.3) Diazepam 14 (3.6) 33 (7.9) Clomethiazole 20 (4.8)
 Flunitrazepam 5 (1.3) Oxazepam 40 (10.4) 164 (39.4) Melatonin 6 (1.4)
   Hydroxyzine 3 (0.8) 3 (0.7) Midazolam 19 (4.6)
   Nitrazepam 11 (2.8) 2 (0.5)   
   Zolpidem 2 (0.5) 5 (1.2)
   Zopiclone 34 (8.8) 113 (27.2)
Antiepileptics  Phenobarbital 3 (0.8) Gabapentin 1 (0.3) 8 (1.9) Lamotrigine 4 (1.0)
 Phenytoin 4 (1.0) Carbamazepine 23 (5.6) 6 (1.4) Levetiracetam 17 (4.1)
   Clonazepam 2 (0.5) 1 (0.2) Pregabalin 5 (1.2)
   Valproic acid 2 (0.5) 9 (2.2)   
  1. Notice that patients can be prescribed several psychotropics