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Table 5 Age-adjusted Cox regression with regards to CVD and respiratory related mortality

From: Identifying clinically important COPD sub-types using data-driven approaches in primary care population based electronic health records

Characteristic Hazard ratio
Age 1.08 [1.07–1.08]
Cluster
 Not comorbid 1
 Anxiety / depression 1.28 [1.13–1.46]
 CVD / diabetes 1.49 [1.38–1.60]
 Severe COPD / frail 1.30 [1.20–1.40]
 Atopy / obesity 1.15 [1.03–1.30]