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Table 3 Standout features of current medical beds

From: Smart medical beds in patient-care environments of the twenty-first century: a state-of-art survey

  Related to the device Related to the patient/caregiver Related to the environment
Description • Ergonomic
• Low: controllable frame height, significantly lowering the frame to mitigate consequences of bed falls
• Universal
• Bariatric
• Critical
• Acute
• Early Mobility
• Hospital
• Intensive Care
• Long-Term
• Residential
• Medical-Surgical
• Multiple
Aesthetic/design features • 5th castor for eased bed transportation
• Robustness, removable panels for hygiene
• Controllable height (including low-frame models)
• Side-rail shock absorbers
• Advanced mechanics
• Frame extension (length-width)
• Ergonomics for patient, caregiver
• Movable, adaptable side-rail controls
• Autoregression: the back section is moved towards the headboard when lifted, reducing applied pressure to the lower back
• Optional panels, side-rails, colors and materials for environmental adaptation
• Under-Bed Lighting
• Chair position
• Concealable controls
• Customizable for medical or residential scenarios
Standout functions • Backup power
• Accessory support
• Mechanical/Digital head of bed angle indicators
• Predefined, programmable positions (cardiac chair, Trendelenburg, etc.)
• Usage History (positions, etc.)
• Integrated accessories (i.e. active mattress)
• Motion Programs
• Lit Controls
• Integrated scale
• Braden Scale Calculation
• Nursing staff reminders
• Patient blocking functions
• Translation for basic questions
• Monitoring (i.e. bed-exit)
• Eased CPR control
• Motion Support
• Treatment/Preventive therapies/systems
• Patient exit alarm
• Remote-local alarms
• Obstacle detection
• Communication functions