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Table 2 Measures

From: A mobile and web-based clinical decision support and monitoring system for diabetes mellitus patients in primary care: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Measurement area

Outcomes assessed



Age, gender, nationality, country of birth, relationship status, employment status, health insurance

Short answer and multiple choice items


Glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level

Fasting And Postprandial Blood Glucose

Venous blood sample


Height, Weight, Diabetes Symptoms, Risk Factors

Patient history and physical examination

Emotional/ Psychological

Depression, anxiety, stress levels

Diabetes-related emotional burden and interpersonal distress sub-scales

Self-efficacy for diabetes self-care: blood glucose monitoring, physical activity, nutrition, medication-taking

Diabetes Distress Scale [40]

Diabetes Self-Efficacy Scale [41]


Physical activity

Diabetes self-care – blood glucose self-monitoring, medication-taking, smoking and alcohol using and physical activity

Diabetes Self-Care Activities Survey [42]

Morisky Medication Adherence Scale [43]

Patient therapy evaluations

Patients’ satisfaction with therapy

The Patient Assessment of Chronic Illness Care-Patient Form [44, 45]

User program evaluations

Users’ program usage, perceived utility and acceptability, ease of use, user interface, and satisfaction with program

Web Site Usability Scale [38]

Feedback form