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Table 1 Mean PAM13-I scores by socio-demographic and health characteristics

From: Measuring patient activation in Italy: Translation, adaptation and validation of the Italian version of the patient activation measure 13 (PAM13-I)

Characteristics Total N % PAM 13 Score Mean P-value
Total 519 100 66.2  
Sex     0.14
    Male 255 49.1 67.3  
    Female 264 50.9 65.1  
Age Group     0.02
    <45 170 32.8 68.1  
    45–64 212 40.8 66.8  
    >65 137 26.4 62.9  
Education     0.10
    Primary school 81 15.6 63.3  
    Middle school 88 17.0 64.6  
    High school 226 43.5 66.5  
    Graduate or higher 124 23.9 68.8  
Diagnosis     -
    Asthma 85 16.4 64.3  
    Celiachia 13 2.5 74.9  
    Hypertension 105 20.2 66.3  
    Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder 21 4.0 61.5  
    Diabetes 84 16.2 66.5  
    Cardiovascular_Disorder 151 29.1 68.2  
    Oncology 109 21.0 65.1  
    Chron 9 1.7 64.5  
    Fibromialgy 27 5.2 58.3  
    Coliteulcerosa 16 3.1 65.8  
    Lupus 8 1.5 69.6  
    Osteoatritis 38 7.3 60.6  
    Artritereumatoide 38 7.3 65.6  
    Hypercolesterolemia 53 10.2 62.9  
    Epatitis 11 2.1 62.1  
    Anemy 15 2.9 71.6  
    Allergy 86 16.6 68.9