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Table 10 Extracted reliable rules for survival prediction (> 85% accuracy)

From: A comparative analysis of multi-level computer-assisted decision making systems for traumatic injuries

Rules Test Accuracy Method
(Cg = 'Yes') and HEAD < 2 and AGE < 76.65 Then Alive 29/34(85.3%) CART
(Cg = 'No') and (MI = 'No') and AGE < 61.70 and HEAD ≤ 4 and (ARDS = 'No') Then Alive 334/375(89.1%) CART
(Cg = 'No') and (MI = 'No') and HEAD ≥ 5 and AGE < 22.35 Then Alive 55/64(85.9%) CART
ISS ≥ 28 and (Cg = 'No') and THORAX ≤ 4 and 62.25 ≤ AGE < 69.00 and EDRTS ≥ 2.88 Then Alive 10/11(90.9%) CART
ISS ≥ 23 and (Cg = 'No') and THORAX ≤ 4 and 69 ≤ AGE < 72.35 Then Alive 13/15(86.7%) CART
HEAD ≤ 2 and (MI = 'No') and (Cg = 'No') and AGE ≤ 62 Then Alive 182/206(88.3%) C4.5
(MI = 'Yes') and AGE ≤ 62 and EDRTS > 5.39 and ISS ≤ 25 Then Alive 19/20(95%) C4.5
THORAX > 3 and HEAD ≤ 4 and (ARDS = 'No') and AGE ≤ 62 Then Alive 126/148(85.1%) C4.5
THORAX ≤ 2 and EDRTS ≤ 0.87 and ISS > 38 Then Dead 12/13(92.3%) C4.5
(MI = 'Yes') and AGE > 82.6 Then Dead 16/18(88.9%) C4.5
(MI = 'Yes') and ISS > 30 Then Dead 45/50(90%) C4.5
HEAD > 4 and (MI = 'Yes') Then Dead 25/27(92.6%) C4.5
(Cg = 'Yes') and HEAD ≤ 4 and AGE > 78 Then Dead 12/14(85.7%) C4.5
(ID = 'Yes') and AGE > 78 and (MI = 'Yes') and HEAD ≤ 4 Then Dead 27/31(87.1%) C4.5
HEAD > 0 and HEAD ≤ 2 and (ID = 'Yes') and (ARDS = 'No') and AGE ≤ 75.2 Then Alive 107/118(90.7%) C4.5
(ID = 'Yes') and (MI = 'Yes') and HEAD > 3 Then Dead 43/49(87.8%) C4.5
(MI = 'Yes') and (ID = 'Yes') and AGE > 78 Then Dead 32/37(86.5%) C4.5
HEAD > 4 and (MI = 'Yes') Then Dead 25/27(92.6%) C4.5
(MI = 'Yes') and ISS > 30 Then Dead 45/50(90%) C4.5
(MI = 'Yes') and AGE > 79.6 and ISS > 12 Then Dead 27/30(90%) C4.5
(Cg = 'Yes') and HEAD ≤ 4 and AGE > 79.6 Then Dead 12/14(85.7%) C4.5
(ARDS = 'No') and (MI = 'No') and (Cg = 'No') and HEAD ≤ 4 and AGE ≤ 62 Then Alive 335/376(89.1%) C4.5
(MI = 'Yes') and (ID = 'Yes') and AGE > 78 Then Dead 15/16(93.8%) C4.5
(MI = 'Yes') and HEAD ≤ 4 and ISS > 38 Then Dead 29/34(85.3%) C4.5
(MI = 'Yes') and AGE ≤ 61.6 and ISS > 27 Then Dead 26/30(86.7%) C4.5
HEAD = 2 and (MI = 'No') and AGE ≤ 62 and ISS ≤ 38 Then Alive 235/270(87%) C4.5
THORAX > 0 and (ID = 'Yes') and ISS ≤ 30 Then Alive 13/14(92.9%) C4.5
  1. Reliable rules are defined as those with accuracy greater than 85%. Cg stands for coagulopathy; MI for myocardial infarction; ARDS for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome; EDRTS for Emergency Department Revised Trauma Score; ISS for Injury Severity Score; ID for Insulin-Dependent.