Frequency of survival for all women and women with cancer, deaths from breast cancer and lives saved from repeated screening mammography. Starting at age 50, 51 out of 1000 women will develop breast cancer over 15 years (Figure 1). In terms of natural frequencies, the 1000 healthy average-risk women are the reference class. Figure 2 Group A shows 991 out of 1000 women will survive (not die from) breast cancer by age 65 without screening. Group B shows that 42 of the 51 breast cancer patients survive (positive framing) without screening. Therefore, nine women die (negative framing) without screening (Group C), and screening saves no lives (Group D). Assuming a 20% relative risk reduction (RRR) from repeated screening (row 3), mammography prevents two of nine deaths through earlier treatment, leaving seven cancer deaths. This means 44 of the 51 cancer patients and 993 of 1000 women will survive breast cancer.