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Table 1 Headings of Structured Abstracts

From: Sentence retrieval for abstracts of randomized controlled trials

Class Example Heading Names
Aim Goals, Objective, Purpose, Hypothesis, Introduction, Background, Context, Rationale
Intervention Interventions, Interventions of the Study
Participants Population, Patients, Subjects, Sample
Outcome Measures Primary Outcome Parameters, Main Variables, Measures, Measurements, Assessments
Method Materials, Study Design, Setting, Procedures, Process, Methodology, Research Design
Results Results, Findings, Outcomes, Main Outcomes and Results
Conclusion Conclusion, Conclusion and Clinical Relevance, Clinical Implications, Discussion, Interpretation
  1. Examples of headings in structured abstracts that are mapped to equivalence classes for our classification purposes.