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Table 6 Numbers and proportions of Finnish undergraduate students in the 'Student Health Survey 2004' diagnosed with chronic conditions in the non-user group and in the user group by gender, as well as the statistical significance between the proportions of chronic conditions in the non-user and in the user groups

From: Users and non-users of web-based health advice service among Finnish university students – chronic conditions and self-reported health status (a cross-sectional study)

  Men
  Non-users Users P*
  (n = 996–999) (n = 91–92)  
Chronic Condition
   One or more diagnosed chronic conditon of any type 634 64% 67 73% 0.07
   Dental Caries or other Oral Disorders 283 28% 29 32% 0.52
   Refractive Errors or other Eye Disorders 250 25% 24 26% 0.83
   Allergic Rhinitis, or Conjunctivitis 154 15% 22 24% 0.03
   Atopic Dermatitis 65 7% 10 11% 0.12
   Psychiatric Disorders (excl. Eating Disorders) 51 5% 7 8% 0.31
   Acne or other Dermatological Disorders (excl. Atopic Dermatitis) 50 5% 8 9% 0.13
   Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders 50 5% 4 4% 0.78
   Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders 44 4% 6 7% 0.34
   Lactose Intolerance 43 4% 7 8% 0.15
   Asthma or other Pulmonary Disorders 37 4% 3 3% 0.83
   Migraine 37 4% 1 1% 0.19
   Cardiovascular Disorders 26 3% 3 3% 0.71
   Gastrointestinal Disorders (excl. Lactose Intolerance) 24 2% 4 4% 0.26
   Disorders of Male Reproductive Organs 12 1% 2 2% 0.43
   Diabetes 9 1% 0 0% 0.36
   Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders 4 0.4% 0 0.0% 0.54
   Thyroid Disorders 2 0.2% 0 0.0% 0.67
   Eating Disorders 1 0.1% 0 0.0% 0.76
   Epilepsia or other Neurological Disorders (exlc. Migraine) 0 0% 0 0% xx
  Women
  Non-users Users P*
  (n = 1 697–1 699) (n = 275)  
   One or more diagnosed chronic conditon of any type 1 297 76% 217 79% 0.35
   Dental Caries or other Oral Disorders 572 34% 87 32% 0.50
   Refractive Errors or other Eye Disorders 534 31% 85 31% 0.86
   Allergic Rhinitis, or Conjunctivitis 297 18% 54 20% 0.39
   Atopic Dermatitis 189 11% 35 13% 0.44
   Psychiatric Disorders (excl. Eating Disorders) 140 8% 34 12% 0.03
   Acne or other Dermatological Disorders (excl. Atopic Dermatitis) 137 8% 29 11% 0.17
   Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders 137 8% 28 10% 0.24
   Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders 85 5% 19 7% 0.19
   Lactose Intolerance 122 7% 18 7% 0.70
   Asthma or other Pulmonary Disorders 88 5% 17 6% 0.49
   Migraine 135 8% 23 8% 0.81
   Cardiovascular Disorders 42 3% 17 6% 0.001
   Gastrointestinal Disorders (excl. Lactose Intolerance) 87 5% 15 6% 0.82
   Diabetes 9 1% 3 1% 0.27
   Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders 66 4% 18 7% 0.04
   Thyroid Disorders 23 1% 6 2% 0.29
   Eating Disorders 26 2% 4 2% 0.92
   Epilepsia or other Neurological Disorders (exlc. Migraine) 6 0.4% 2 1% 0.37
   Gynaecological Disorders 134 8% 23 8% 0.79
  1. * χ2 test
  2. Self-reported chronic diseases, illnesses or disabilities diagnosed by a physician, dentist, or psychologist, produced symptoms or required treatment during the last 12 months