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Table 1 Mean number of procedures and specific patient encounters during three-year residency as documented by handwritten versus PDA method.

From: House officer procedure documentation using a personal digital assistant: a longitudinal study

Procedure Handwritten Cohort PDA cohort P value
Arthrocentesis 2.5 2.0 0.48
Cardioversion/Defibrillation 26.5 11.5 0.001
Central line 72.0 76.0 0.76
Chest tube 17.5 15.5 0.18
Conscious sedation 0.03 24.0 0.001
Cricothyrotomy 2.0 0.5 0.16
Dislocation 16.0 13.0 0.20
DPL 2.0 2.5 0.63
Endotracheal intubation 115.5 102.0 0.18
Fracture reduction/ Splint 64.5 56.5 0.38
Internal pacing 5.5 4.0 0.34
Laceration repair 180.5 149.5 0.06
Lumbar puncture 39.5 33.0 0.20
Nasal packing 7.5 4.5 0.67
Open chest cardiac massage 1.0 0.5 0.51
Pericardiocentesis 2.5 2.0 0.63
Thoracentesis 0.0 3.0 0.001
Ultrasound 0.0 24.5 0.001
Vaginal delivery 26 31 0.10
Unstable adult medical 509.5 418.5 0.13
Unstable adult surgical 230.5 87.5 0.14
Unstable pediatric medical 117.0 35.5 0.01
Unstable pediatric surgical 34.0 20.0 0.18
Patient Follow-up 29.5 57.0 0.59