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Table 4 Methodologic Analysis of the Qualitative Studies (n = 355), Mixed Methods (n = 37), and Nursing Journals (n = 211)

From: A quantitative analysis of qualitative studies in clinical journals for the 2000 publishing year

Category # All studies % All studies # Mixed Methods % for Mixed Methods # Nursing Journals % Nursing Journals
Analysis Type       
Phenomenology 131 37 14 37 87 41.2
Grounded Theory 124 35 10 26 74 35.1
Ethnography 64 18 8 21 33 15.6
Case Studies 24 7 5 13* 9 4.3**
Narratives 21 6 2 5 12 5.7
Participatory 13 4 0 0 10 4.7
Critical Incident Technique 4 1 0 0 3 1.4
Discourse Analysis 4 1 0 0 3 1.4
Data Collection       
Semi-structured Interviews 272 77 27 71 167 79.1
Observation 64 18 6 16 37 17.5
Focus Groups 50 14 5 13 31 14.7
Questionnaires 25 7 9*** 24 14 6.6
Documents 23 6 2 5 11 5.2
Unstructured Interviews 13 4 1 3 10 4.7
Structured Interviews 2 1 0 0 2 0.9
  1. * P < 0.001 **P < 0.025 *** P < 0.01