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Table 2 Fifty-seven most crucial information needs of ICU shift leaders (n = 353) found under the six dimensions

From: National survey focusing on the crucial information needs of intensive care charge nurses and intensivists: same goal, different demands

Crucial information needs of ICU shift leaders under six dimensions n (%) Dif. % p-value Factor loadings
Admission (n = 10)
Need to isolate the patient 341 (97) 8.2 <0.001 0.60
Patient’s need for mechanical ventilation 297 (84) 11.1 NS 0.58
Method of patient isolation 287 (81) 10.1 NS 0.48
Number of planned patients 247 (70) 11.7 NS 0.32
Urgency of the patient’s condition 245 (69) 4.8 NS 0.36
Patient’s personal identity code 231 (65) 22.6 <0.001 0.44
Emergency operations 222 (63) 12.0 NS 0.45
Patient’s scheduled time of arrival at the ICU 218 (62) 37.6 <0.001 0.52
Patient’s diagnosis 213 (60) 11.6 NS 0.45
Criterion/criteria for patient’s admission to the ICU 204 (58) 29.4 <0.001 0.46
Organisation & management (n = 24)
Patient’s death 309 (88) 1.5 NS 0.31
Number of patients on the unit 298 (84) 23.0 <0.001 0.53
Special treatments given to patients 293 (83) 11.0 NS 0.59
Removal of a patient from isolation 278 (79) 18.0 <0.001 0.65
Patients admitted to ICU 273 (77) 16.1 <0.001 0.65
A significant change in the patient’s condition during one’s shift 270 (76) 12.1 NS 0.63
Staff skills and knowledge 269 (76) 40.3 <0.001 0.61
Scheduled examinations that will require patient transfer 259 (73) 36.3 <0.001 0.58
Normal staffing levels for each shift 257 (73) 34.2 <0.001 0.53
Staff sick leave 248 (71) 54.0 <0.001 0.52
Number of patients per room 244 (69) 44.9 <0.001 0.42
Staff on duty 239 (68) 50.1 <0.001 0.64
Patient medication that requires intensive monitoring 238 (67) 1.0 NS 0.54
Compulsory infection samples 236 (67) 23.2 <0.001 0.53
Real-time workloads at the unit 228 (65) 22.9 <0.001 0.43
Special skills of nursing staff 220 (62) 48.4 <0.001 0.59
Staff induction needs 216 (61) 54.0 <0.001 0.53
Patients presented for admission to ICU 198 (56) 3.1 NS 0.47
Complications arising during intensive care 193 (55) 6.5 NS 0.44
Patient’s will to live 192 (54) 14.0 NS 0.53
Nursing staff skill mixes 191 (54) 58.6 <0.001 0.53
Roster plans 185 (52) 42.0 <0.001 0.55
Patient’s care intensity 179 (51) 41.0 <0.001 0.52
Allocation of staff resources (n = 9)
Nurse in charge/physician in charge of the unit 270 (76) 29.2 <0.001 0.58
Staffing level on current shift 258 (73) 50.3 <0.001 0.77
Staff resources that can be released (e.g. for transport) 253 (72) 45.5 <0.001 0.77
Number of nursing staff per patient 248 (71) 39.3 <0.001 0.71
Staffing levels for scheduled rosters 239 (68) 42.9 <0.001 0.76
Number of nursing staff per patient room 236 (67) 41.8 <0.001 0.71
Staff working on next shift 231 (65) 58.4 <0.001 0.85
Skill mix on current shift 230 (65) 56.6 <0.001 0.82
Patient’s nurse on each shift 212 (60) 42.4 <0.001 0.71
Special treatments (n = 5)
Planned special treatments 310 (88) 11.9 0.002 0.56
Scheduled dates for surgery or procedures 284 (80) 11.8 NS 0.58
Start time of special treatments 240 (68) 20.4 <0.001 0.50
End time of special treatments 195 (55) 12.9 NS 0.38
Special treatment consultation responses 186 (53) 9.2 NS 0.49
Allocation of material resources (n = 3)
Vacant beds at the unit 276 (78) 15.8 <0.001 0.30
Products needed for special treatments 219 (62) 23.7 <0.001 0.42
Fixed equipment around each bed on the unit 178 (50) 33.5 <0.001 0.54
Discharge (n = 6)
Patient being discharged 277 (78) 26.2 <0.001 0.59
Transport cancellations 256 (73) 26.6 <0.001 0.50
Patient’s time of discharge 240 (68) 37.6 <0.001 0.64
Planned time of transport 217 (61) 44.4 <0.001 0.68
Staff resources available for transport 154 (44) 34.9 <0.001 0.62
Ward where the patient is going to be/has been notified 191 (54) 14.2 NS 0.44
  1. Shared information needs, largest differences, and highest factor loadings are highlighted in bold text.