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Table 4 Hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for mortality by gender and education (with/without unlinked deaths) in age group 85 years and older

From: Impact of unlinked deaths and coding changes on mortality trends in the Swiss National Cohort

Cause of death Gender Educational attainment HR(95% CI)excluding unlinked SNC deaths HR(95% CI)including unlinked SNC deaths
All cause Females Compulsory or less 1.05 (1.04 - 1.06) 1.06 (1.05 - 1.07)
   Secondary education 1 1
   Tertiary education 0.91 (0.89 - 0.94) 0.92 (0.89 - 0.94)
  Males Compulsory or less 1.02 (1.01 - 1.04) 1.04 (1.02 - 1.05)
   Secondary education 1 1
   Tertiary education 0.91 (0.89 - 0.92) 0.90 (0.88 - 0.92)
All cancer Females Compulsory or less 1.01 (0.98 - 1.04) 1.02 (0.99 - 1.05)
   Secondary education 1 1
   Tertiary education 0.95 (0.87 - 1.04) 0.95 (0.88 - 1.04)
  Males Compulsory or less 0.96 (0.93 - 0.99) 0.98 (0.95 - 1.01)
   Secondary education 1 1
   Tertiary education 0.94 (0.90 - 0.98) 0.94 (0.90 - 0.98)
All cardiovascular Females Compulsory or less 1.06 (1.04 - 1.07) 1.07 (1.05 - 1.08)
   Secondary education 1 1
   Tertiary education 0.90 (0.86 - 0.93) 0.90 (0.87 - 0.94)
  Males Compulsory or less 1.03 (1.01 - 1.05) 1.04 (1.03 - 1.06)
   Secondary education 1 1
   Tertiary education 0.91 (0.88 - 0.93) 0.90 (0.88 - 0.92)
Suicide Females Compulsory or less 0.65 (0.54 - 0.78) 0.67 (0.56 - 0.81)
   Secondary education 1 1
   Tertiary education 1.89 (1.35 - 2.64) 1.84 (1.32 - 2.56)
  Males Compulsory or less 0.95 (0.81 - 1.11) 0.95 (0.81 - 1.11)
   Secondary education 1 1
   Tertiary education 1.12 (0.92 - 1.36) 1.13 (0.94 - 1.37)
  1. HR, hazard ratio.
  2. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard models controlled for nationality, marital status, mother tongue, religion, urbanization (place of residence), calendar year, ICD coding.