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Table 4 Organizational characteristics by stage of initial implementation

From: Implementation of automated reporting of estimated glomerular filtration rate among Veterans Affairs laboratories: a retrospective study

Characteristics Stage N=31 Mid Stage N=30 Late Stage N=31 P Value
Facility Context     
Number of Acute Care Beds1 123.6±91.2 117.1±93.0 114.9±86.9 0.93
Facility Complexity Score2     
Level 1 19 (61) 18 (60) 13 (42) 0.51
Level 2 5 (16) 4 (13) 8 (26)  
Level 3 7 (23) 8 (27) 10 (32)  
Presence of Nephrologists 23 (74) 22 (73) 19 (61) 0.47
Presence of Dialysis Unit 21 (68) 18 (60) 15 (48) 0.30
Affiliation with Academic Medical Center 25 (81) 25 (83) 22 (71) 0.46
Implementation activities and structures
Use of Clinical Champions3 27 (90) 27 (90) 27 (87) 0.92
Monitoring of Guideline Implementation 27 (87) 26 (87) 25 (81) 0.73
Presence of Plan for Implementation 29 (94) 29 (97) 28 (90) 0.87
Fostering of Collaboration among facilities3 27 (87) 28 (93) 25 (83) 0.49
Presence of Teamwork for Implementation 29 (94) 29 (97) 30 (97) 1.00
Adequate Financial Resources 6 (19) 11 (37) 8 (26) 0.31
Staff awareness and capabilities
Resistance from Primary Care Providers 7 (23) 3 (10) 7 (23) 0.35
Resistance from Subspecialists 7 (23) 4 (13) 9 (29) 0.33
Resistance from Local Support Staff 4 (13) 1 (3) 2 (7) 0.40
  1. 1 Mean (Standard deviation); all other values represented are frequency (percentage). 2 Complexity level 1 facilities had highest complexity and level 3 the lowest.3 N=103 for this survey question.