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Table 1 Summary points regarding the use of artificial intelligence in primary health care

From: Is primary health care ready for artificial intelligence? What do primary health care stakeholders say?

Summary points regarding the use of artificial intelligence in primary health care
• Participants viewed AI with a guarded but hopeful stance
• AI use in primary health care is in an early stage of maturity
• AI tools relevant to the needs of primary health care practitioners need to be developed
• The role of AI in primary care health and clinical encounters needs to be determined
• Threats regarding AI in terms of clinical skills and capacity included: concerns over impact on clinical skills, introduction of errors, and loss of control in decision-making
• Ethical, legal, and social implication of AI use included: medical-legal concerns and potential biases in AI tool and equity considerations; lack of transparency related to black-box AI creation; loss of control over data; and privacy and security of data
• Necessary foundational elements to support the uptake of AI tools included: co-creation of AI tools, availability and use of high-quality data, rigorous evaluation of AI tools and/or a strong evidence base