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Table 5 Participants’ characteristics of assessment test

From: A home-based pulmonary rehabilitation mHealth system to enhance the exercise capacity of patients with COPD: development and evaluation

Patient characteristics Value
Demographic  
Gender, n (%)  
 Male 12 (100)
Age (years), mean (SD) 65 (6)
Education background, n (%)  
 Secondary school 2 (17)
 High school 6 (50)
 Graduate and above 4 (33)
Current smoker, n (%) 0 (0)
Ex-smoker, n (%) 12 (100)
Comorbidities, n (%)  
 Yes 7 (58)
 No 5 (42)
Clinical characteristics  
Pulmonary function  
 FEV1a (L), mean (SD) 1.41 (0.51)
 FEV1/Predicted (%), mean (SD) 47 (16)
 FVCb (L), mean (SD) 2.53 (0.56)
 FEV1/FVC (%), mean (SD) 54 (12)
Global Initiative for chronic obstructive lung disease stagec, n (%)  
 2 4 (33)
 3 6 (50)
 4 2 (17)
Modified medical research council, n (%)  
 0 1 (8)
 1 9 (75)
 3 2 (17)
COPD assessment test score, mean (SD) 14 (3)
6-Min walking distance (m), mean (SD) 476 (65)