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Table 5 Direct, indirect, and total effect on mediating and outcome variables

From: Factors associated with nurses' user resistance to change of electronic health record systems

Variables   Mediating variables Outcome variable
Perceived usefulness Resistance to change Perceived ease of use User resistance behavior
Perceived value Direct effect 0.65 ns   
  Indirect effect   ns   − 0.21
  Total effect 0.65 ns   − 0.21
Colleagues’ opinions Direct effect 0.27 − 0.25   
  Indirect effect   ns   − 0.16
  Total effect 0.27 − 0.25   − 0.16
Self-efficacy for change Direct effect   − 0.20 0.74  
  Indirect effect   − 0.19   − 0.25
  Total effect   − 0.39 0.74 − 0.25
Organizational support Direct effect   ns 0.33  
for change Indirect effect   − 0.08   − 0.05
  Total effect   − 0.08 0.33 − 0.05
Perceived usefulness Direct effect   ns   − 0.33
  Indirect effect     ns
  Total effect   ns   − 0.33
Resistance to change Direct effect     0.65
  Indirect effect     
  Total effect     0.65
Perceived ease of use Direct effect   − 0.25   ns
  Indirect effect     − 0.16
  Total effect   − 0.25   − 0.16
  1. ns non-significant