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Table 1 Overview of demographic characteristics

From: Application of multi-label classification models for the diagnosis of diabetic complications

Demographic characteristics (labels) Diabetes without complications Retinopathy Nephropathy Neuropathy Peripheral vascular disease All
Total patients 288 5129 1851 7872 5519 9765
Age, years (%)       
 < 40 33 (11.5) 313 (6.1) 112 (6.1) 343 (4.4) 75 (1.4) 544 (5.6)
40–49 62 (21.5) 703 (13.7) 214 (11.6) 905 (11.5) 473 (8.6) 1247 (12.8)
50–59 103 (35.8) 1438 (28.0) 460 (24.9) 2038 (25.9) 1371 (24.8) 2600 (26.6)
 ≥ 60 90 (31.3) 2675 (52.2) 1065 (57.5) 4586 (58.3) 3600 (65.2) 5374 (55.0)
Gender (%)       
Male 141 (49.0) 2803 (54.7) 1075 (58.1) 4352 (55.3) 2348 (42.5) 4438 (45.4)
Female 147 (51.0) 2326 (45.3) 776 (41.9) 3520 (44.7) 3171 (57.5) 5327 (54.6)
BMI       
BMI (± SD) (kg/m2) 35.4 (23.62–47.18) 24.4 (19.74–29.06) 24.1 (20.38–27.82) 27.06 (26.63–27.49) 26.7 (24.6–26.8) 35.2 (23.2–47.2)
BMIcategory (kg/m2) (%) n = 252 n = 4789 n = 1633 n = 7133 n = 5037 n = 8831
 < 18.5 2 (0.8) 147 (3.1) 67 (4.1) 247 (3.5) 135 (2.7) 296 (3.4)
18.5–25 104 (41.3) 2565 (53.6) 746 (45.7) 3739 (52.4) 2598 (51.6) 4612 (52.2)
25–30 103 (40.9) 1761 (36.8) 692 (42.4) 2661 (37.3) 1969 (39.1) 3305 (37.4)
30–34.9 30 (11.9) 273 (5.7) 107 (6.6) 411 (5.8) 286 (5.7) 503 (5.7)
 ≥ 35 13 (5.2) 43 (0.9) 21 (1.3) 75 (1.1) 49 (1.0) 115 (1.3)
  1. BMI values were unavailable for some patients; hence, BMI values are given for a total of 8831 patients only