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Table 17 Specialties and properties in n and % in the multicenter dataset (n = 175,210). Ordered by descending number of modified descriptions. Shown is the actual prevalence, which was determined using the Rogan–Gladen estimator

From: Contextual property detection in Dutch diagnosis descriptions for uncertainty, laterality and temporality

Specialties Modified descriptions, n Uncertainty, n (%) Laterality, n (%) Temporality, n (%) Removal of uncertainty, n (%)
Total 175,210 17,347 (9.9) 54,931 (31.4) 17,156 (9.8) 2208 (1.3)
Internal medicine 30,457 2326 (7.6) 4254 (14.0) 4822 (15.8) 562 (1.8)
Pediatrics 18,776 1818 (9.7) 2018 (10.7) 1475 (7.9) 238 (1.3)
Ophthalmology 16,901 332 (2.0) 13,471 (79.7) 605 (3.6) 253 (1.5)
Neurology 12,375 1990 (16.1) 4451 (36.0) 798 (6.4) 145 (1.2)
Cardiology 10,766 460 (4.3) 983 (9.1) 351 (3.3) 232 (2.2)
Surgery 9418 298 (3.2) 4626 (49.1) 1255 (13.3) 25 (0.3)
Orthopedics 8279 192 (2.3) 7355 (88.8) 1005 (12.1) 1 (0.01)
Emergency care 7796 235 (3.0) 3304 (42.4) 2357 (30.2) 21 (0.3)
Ear, nose, throat (ENT) 7349 652 (8.9) 2908 (39.6) 366 (5.0) 8 (0.1)
Lung diseases 6196 611 (9.9) 676 (10.9) 298 (4.8) 80 (1.3)
Other 6019 288 (4.8) 1591 (26.4) 725 (12.0) 36 (0.6)
Clinical genetics 5655 5287 (93.5) 238 (4.2) 2 (0.04) 27 (0.5)
Obstetrics, gynecology and women's diseases 4914 226 (4.6) 315 (6.4) 185 (3.8) 114 (2.3)
Anesthesiology 3767 192 (5.1) 640 (17.0) 456 (12.1) 8 (0.2)
Rheumatology 3158 243 (7.7) 435 (13.8) 353 (11.2) 35 (1.1)
Gastric, intestinal and liver diseases 3043 197 (6.5) 174 (5.7) 529 (17.4) 33 (1.1)
Plastic surgery 2918 64 (2.2) 1636 (56.1) 44 (1.5) 1 (0.03)
Geriatrics 2889 359 (12.4) 650 (22.5) 118 (4.1) 25 (0.9)
Neurosurgery 2135 256 (12.0) 879 (41.2) 270 (12.6) 19 (0.9)
Dermatology 2047 397 (19.4) 427 (20.9) 48 (2.3) 10 (0.5)
Radiotherapy 1856 83 (4.5) 909 (49.0) 53 (2.9) 6 (0.3)
Urology 1306 35 (2.7) 486 (37.2) 58 (4.4) 49 (3.8)
Others: general practitioner 1223 42 (3.4) 222 (18.2) 19 (1.6) 4 (0.3)
Audiology 1127 4 (0.4) 133 (11.8) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Thoracic surgery 1065 68 (6.4) 141 (13.2) 87 (8.2) 3 (0.3)
Specialized nurses (diabetes, emergency care, oncology, ostomy and unspecified) 749 12 (1.6) 299 (39.9) 146 (19.5) 5 (0.7)
Rehabilitation 724 23 (3.2) 453 (62.6) 102 (14.1) 0 (0.0)
Sports medicine 638 0 (0.0) 31 (4.9) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Psychiatry 486 23 (4.7) 27 (5.6) 36 (7.4) 0 (0.0)
Obstetricians (authorized for ultrasound and unspecified) 354 21 (5.9) 9 (2.5) 9 (2.5) 1 (0.3)
Physician assistant 225 10 (4.4) 160 (71.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Oral and maxillo-facial surgery 207 1 (0.5) 101 (48.8) 4 (3.4) 1 (0.9)
Intensive care 138 9 (6.5) 24 17.4) 3 (2.2) 0 (0.0)
Radiology 69 4 (5.8) 35 (50.7) 2 (2.9) 0 (0.0)
Medical microbiology 59 6 (10.2) 1 (1.7) 0 (0.0) 49 (83.1)
Allergology 55 14 (25.5) 5 (9.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Dentists 53 1 (1.9) 3 (5.7) 1 (1.9) 0 (0.0)
Occupational and physio therapists 11 0 (0.0) 7 (63.6) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Psychologists 5 0 (0.0) 1 (20.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Pharmacists 1 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Dieticians 1 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)