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Table 1 Quality distribution of Arabic websites according to JAMA benchmarks and DISCERN tool (N = 89)

From: Quality and readability of web-based Arabic health information on periodontal disease

  ALL
(N = 89)
Commercial
(N = 20)
Health/Prof
(N = 16)
Journalism
(N = 21)
Others
(N = 32)
P
JAMA/Authorship; Yes responses 38 (42.7) 3 (15.0) 10 (62.5) 13 (61.9) 12 (37.5) 0.006
JAMA/Attribution; Yes responses 14 (15.7) 0 (0.0) 5 (31.3) 2 (9.5) 7 (21.9) 0.043
JAMA/Disclosure; Yes responses 58 (65.2) 17 (85.0) 8 (50.0) 18 (85.7) 15 (46.9) 0.003
JAMA/Currency; Yes responses 28 (31.5) 5 (25.0) 6 (37.5) 6 (28.6) 11 (34.4) 0.834
JAMA
 No criteria met 14 (15.7) 3 (15.0) 2 (12.5) 0 (0.0) 9 (28.1) 0.132
 One criterion met 30 (33.7) 10 (50.0) 5 (31.3) 7 (33.3) 8 (25.0)
 Two criteria met 30 (33.7) 6 (30.0) 5 (31.3) 10 (47.6) 9 (28.1)
 Three criteria met 12 (13.5) 1 (5.0) 2 (12.5) 4 (19.1) 5 (15.6)
 Four criteria met 3 (3.4) 0 (0.0) 2 (12.5) 0 (0.0) 1 (3.1)
DISCERN
 Low 43 (48.4) 11 (55.0) 4 (25.0) 14 (66.7) 14 (43.8) 0.128
 Medium 44 (49.4) 9 (45.0) 11 (68.8) 6 (28.6) 18 (56.2)
 High 2 (2.2) 0 (0.0) 1 (6.2) 1 (4.7) 0 (0.0)
JAMA (Mean ± SD) 1.6 ± 1.0 1.3 ± 0.8 1.8 ± 1.2 1.9 ± 0.7 1.4 ± 1.2 0.143*
DISCERN (Mean ± SD) 36.4 ± 11.3 32.2 ± 8.2 42.4 ± 13.3 31.9 ± 10.1 39.0 ± 10.9 0.007*ʱ
  1. * Kruskal-Willis test was used
  2. ʱ “Journalism” category was different from other categories based on Bonferroni pairwise comparisons
  3. All other test were done using Chi-square or Fisher exact tests as appropriate
  4. P value is considered significant at < 0.05