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Table 1 Demographic, insurance and medical characteristics of MIH patients

From: EMS utilization predictors in a Mobile Integrated Health (MIH) program

  All (n = 110) HF group (n = 45) LF group (n = 65) Pd
N % μ N % μ N % μ
Sociodemographic
 Age (years)
  19–33 12 10.9 60.3 5 11.1 58.2 7 10.8 61.8 0.538
  34–48 14 12.7   5 11.1   9 13.8   
  49–64 35 31.8   18 40.0   17 26.2   
  65–78 34 30.9   13 28.9   21 32.3   
  79+ 15 13.6   4 8.9   11 16.9   
 Race/ethnicity
  White 26 23.6   9 20.0   17 26.2   0.613
  Asian 1 0.9   1 2.2   0 0.0   
  Blacks 81 73.6   34 75.6   47 72.3   
  Hispanic 2 1.8   1 2.2   1 1.5   
 Sex
  Male 56 50.9   19 42.2   37 56.9   0.929
  Female 54 49.1   26 57.8   28 43.1   
 Marital status
  Single 69 67.6   28 66.7   41 68.3   0.873
  Married 25 24.5   12 28.6   13 21.7   
  Divorced 5 4.9   1 2.4   4 6.7   
  Widowed 3 2.9   1 2.4   2 3.3   
 Persons living in residence    2.2    2.2    2.2 0.236
 Means of first contact
  Door knock/cold call 1 0.9   1 2.3   0 0.0   0.482
  Hospital visit 5 4.5   2 4.5   3 4.6   
  Phone call 104 94.5   42 95.5   62 95.4   
Assessments and medications
 Fall risk score (n = 87)a
  Low 64 73.6 2.5 28 71.8 2.8 36 75.0 2.4 0.645
  High 23 26.4   11 28.2   12 25.0   
 Compliance with medications
  Never 10 9.1   6 13.3   4 6.2   0.171
  Sometimes 35 31.8   17 37.8   18 27.7   
  Always 65 59.1   22 48.9   43 66.2   
 Number of medicationsb
  1–3 12 11.9 12.3 5 11.1 12.1 7 12.1 12.5 0.973
  4–6 8 7.9   4 9.3   4 6.9   
  7–9 4 4.0   1 2.3   3 5.2   
  10–12 20 19.8   10 23.3   10 17.2   
  13–15 18 17.8   7 16.3   11 19.0   
  16–18 34 33.7   14 32.6   20 34.5   
  19+ 5 5.0   2 4.7   3 5.2   
Insurance/access
Has a PCP
Yes 102 92.7   42 93.3   60 92.3   0.839
No 8 7.3   3 6.7   5 7.7   
Has insurance
Yes 110 100.0   45 100.0   65 100.0   
No 0 0.0   0 0.0   0 0.0   
Dual eligible?
Yes 18 16.4   10 22.2   8 12.3   0.167
No 92 83.6   35 77.8   57 87.7   
Primary insurance
Private 14 12.7   4 8.9   10 15.4   0.439
Medicaid 35 31.8   17 37.8   18 27.7   
Medicare 61 55.5   24 53.3   37 56.9   
Travel times to PCP
0–9 min 9 8.2 22.8 4 8.9 22.4 5 7.7 23.1 0.989
10–19 min 34 30.9   15 33.3   19 29.2   
20–29 min 41 37.3   16 35.6   25 38.5   
30–39 min 16 14.5   6 13.3   10 15.4   
40 min or longer 10 9.1   4 8.9   6 9.2   
Clinical/chronic illness
Asthma/COPD
No 73 66.4   29 64.4   44 67.7   0.723
Yes 37 33.6   16 35.6   21 32.3   
Hypertension
No 35 31.8   16 35.6   19 29.2   0.484
Yes 75 68.2   29 64.4   46 70.8   
Hypercholesterolemia
No 81 73.6   32 71.1   49 75.4   0.617
Yes 29 26.4   13 28.9   16 24.6   
Chronic heart failure
No 84 76.4   31 68.9   53 81.5   0.125
Yes 26 23.6   14 31.1   12 18.5   
Stroke/CVA
No 85 77.3   35 77.8   50 76.9   0.916
Yes 25 22.7   10 22.2   15 23.1   
Psychiatric/behavioral
No 70 63.6   25 55.6   45 69.2   0.143
Yes 40 36.4   20 44.4   20 30.8   
Diabetes
No 64 58.2   28 62.2   36 55.4   0.475
Yes 46 41.8   17 37.8   29 44.6   
  1. HF High frequency users, LF low frequency users
  2. aIncludes only patients who were considered at risk for falls
  3. bIncludes only patients with reported number of medications
  4. cEight (8) observations with “No response”
  5. dSignificance = .05