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Table 4 Full results tables

From: An empirical analysis of dealing with patients who are lost to follow-up when developing prognostic models using a cohort design

Outcome (outcome count with partial time-at-risk/ outcome count with full time-at-risk) Solution Test Data 1: All lost to follow-up patients removed (~ 97,500) Test Data 2: All lost to follow-up patients included (~ 125,000) Test Data 3: All non-outcome lost to follow-up patients are removed (~ 97,500)
Acute liver injury incident event (59/33) Logistic remove lost to follow-up 0.811 (0.732–0.891) 0.839 (0.782–0.896) 0.848 (0.791–0.904)
Logistic keep lost to follow-up 0.8 (0.709–0.89) 0.841 (0.779–0.902) 0.848 (0.787–0.909)
Logistic remove non-outcomes lost to follow-up 0.795 (0.702–0.887) 0.838 (0.776–0.9) 0.848 (0.787–0.91)
Cox keep lost to follow-up 0.799 (0.71–0.889) 0.84 (0.779–0.902) 0.849 (0.788–0.91)
Ventricular arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death incident event (68/38) Logistic remove lost to follow-up 0.881 (0.825–0.938) 0.893 (0.857–0.93) 0.901 (0.866–0.937)
Logistic keep lost to follow-up 0.859 (0.79–0.928) 0.88 (0.837–0.923) 0.889 (0.847–0.932)
Logistic remove non-outcomes lost to follow-up 0.848 (0.77–0.925) 0.874 (0.827–0.921) 0.886 (0.84–0.932)
Cox keep lost to follow-up 0.86 (0.791–0.929) 0.881 (0.837–0.924) 0.891 (0.848–0.933)
Ischemic stroke—all inpatient, incident event (95/73) Logistic remove lost to follow-up 0.815 (0.771–0.859) 0.825 (0.789–0.861) 0.83 (0.794–0.866)
Logistic keep lost to follow-up 0.828 (0.787–0.869) 0.838 (0.804–0.871) 0.842 (0.809–0.876)
Logistic remove non-outcomes lost to follow-up 0.829 (0.788–0.869) 0.839 (0.806–0.872) 0.847 (0.814–0.879)
Cox keep lost to follow-up 0.828 (0.787–0.869) 0.838 (0.805–0.871) 0.844 (0.811–0.877)
Acute myocardial infarction incident event (137/110) Logistic remove lost to follow-up 0.836 (0.799–0.873) 0.829 (0.797–0.861) 0.836 (0.805–0.868)
Logistic keep lost to follow-up 0.845 (0.81–0.88) 0.837 (0.807–0.867) 0.843 (0.813–0.873)
Logistic remove non-outcomes lost to follow-up 0.849 (0.814–0.884) 0.839 (0.809–0.869) 0.849 (0.82–0.879)
Cox keep lost to follow-up 0.847 (0.813–0.882) 0.838 (0.808–0.868) 0.846 (0.816–0.875)
Delirium incident event (215/157) Logistic remove lost to follow-up 0.861 (0.835–0.887) 0.865 (0.844–0.886) 0.876 (0.855–0.896)
Logistic keep lost to follow-up 0.868 (0.843–0.892) 0.871 (0.851–0.892) 0.881 (0.861–0.901)
Logistic remove non-outcomes lost to follow-up 0.87 (0.847–0.893) 0.875 (0.856–0.894) 0.89 (0.872–0.908)
Cox keep lost to follow-up 0.869 (0.844–0.893) 0.872 (0.852–0.892) 0.884 (0.865–0.903)
Gastrointestinal hemorrhage incident event (225/186) Logistic remove lost to follow-up 0.756 (0.721–0.792) 0.757 (0.726–0.789) 0.77 (0.739–0.801)
Logistic keep lost to follow-up 0.764 (0.731–0.798) 0.764 (0.734–0.794) 0.776 (0.746–0.806)
Logistic remove non-outcomes lost to follow-up 0.76 (0.726–0.793) 0.755 (0.724–0.785) 0.774 (0.744–0.804)
Cox keep lost to follow-up 0.764 (0.731–0.798) 0.763 (0.733–0.793) 0.777 (0.748–0.807)
Decreased libido incident event (291/257) Logistic remove lost to follow-up 0.724 (0.695–0.753) 0.734 (0.707–0.761) 0.729 (0.701–0.756)
Logistic keep lost to follow-up 0.731 (0.702–0.759) 0.743 (0.716–0.769) 0.733 (0.705–0.76)
Logistic remove non-outcomes lost to follow-up 0.729 (0.701–0.758) 0.737 (0.711–0.764) 0.735 (0.709–0.762)
Cox keep lost to follow-up 0.729 (0.7–0.758) 0.74 (0.713–0.767) 0.734 (0.707–0.761)
Seizure incident event (408/312) Logistic remove lost to follow-up 0.812 (0.79–0.834) 0.813 (0.794–0.832) 0.828 (0.81–0.847)
Logistic keep lost to follow-up 0.815 (0.793–0.837) 0.818 (0.799–0.837) 0.831 (0.812–0.849)
Logistic remove non-outcomes lost to follow-up 0.816 (0.794–0.838) 0.817 (0.798–0.836) 0.837 (0.818–0.855)
Cox keep lost to follow-up 0.816 (0.794–0.838) 0.819 (0.8–0.837) 0.834 (0.816–0.852)
Alopecia incident event (590/527) Logistic remove lost to follow-up 0.675 (0.654–0.696) 0.677 (0.657–0.697) 0.667 (0.646–0.687)
Logistic keep lost to follow-up 0.679 (0.658–0.7) 0.68 (0.661–0.7) 0.667 (0.647–0.687)
Logistic remove non-outcomes lost to follow-up 0.679 (0.658–0.7) 0.676 (0.656–0.695) 0.674 (0.654–0.694)
Cox keep lost to follow-up 0.68 (0.659–0.701) 0.679 (0.659–0.699) 0.67 (0.65–0.69)
Tinnitus incident event (663/582) Logistic remove lost to follow-up 0.695 (0.674–0.716) 0.697 (0.677–0.716) 0.691 (0.671–0.711)
Logistic keep lost to follow-up 0.696 (0.675–0.717) 0.7 (0.681–0.72) 0.69 (0.67–0.71)
Logistic remove non-outcomes lost to follow-up 0.696 (0.676–0.717) 0.695 (0.675–0.714) 0.699 (0.68–0.719)
Cox keep lost to follow-up 0.697 (0.676–0.718) 0.699 (0.68–0.719) 0.694 (0.674–0.714)
Vertigo incident event (785/708) Logistic remove lost to follow-up 0.716 (0.698–0.735) 0.717 (0.7–0.735) 0.713 (0.696–0.731)
Logistic keep lost to follow-up 0.701 (0.682–0.72) 0.706 (0.688–0.724) 0.696 (0.678–0.714)
Logistic remove non-outcomes lost to follow-up 0.711 (0.692–0.73) 0.705 (0.687–0.723) 0.709 (0.69–0.727)
Cox keep lost to follow-up 0.712 (0.694–0.731) 0.714 (0.696–0.732) 0.71 (0.692–0.728)
Fracture incident event (1050/843) Logistic remove lost to follow-up 0.772 (0.756–0.788) 0.771 0.778
Logistic keep lost to follow-up 0.768 (0.752–0.785) 0.769 0.772
Logistic remove non-outcomes lost to follow-up 0.775 (0.759–0.792) 0.772 0.786
Cox keep lost to follow-up 0.775 (0.759–0.792) 0.774 0.782
Hyponatremia incident event (1683/1258) Logistic remove lost to follow-up 0.831 0.833 0.841
Logistic keep lost to follow-up 0.83 0.833 0.84
Logistic remove non-outcomes lost to follow-up 0.833 0.834 0.85
Cox keep lost to follow-up 0.833 0.835 0.845
Suicide and suicidal ideation incident event (2230/1726) Logistic remove lost to follow-up 0.862 0.864 0.869
Logistic keep lost to follow-up 0.861 0.864 0.868
Logistic remove non-outcomes lost to follow-up 0.859 0.86 0.87
Cox keep lost to follow-up 0.861 0.863 0.869
Hypothyroidism incident event (2259/1930) Logistic remove lost to follow-up 0.799 0.805 0.805
Logistic keep lost to follow-up 0.8 0.808 0.803
Logistic remove non-outcomes lost to follow-up 0.799 0.802 0.81
Cox keep lost to follow-up 0.794 0.8 0.801
Hypotension incident event (2462/1856) Logistic remove lost to follow-up 0.818 0.827 0.836
Logistic keep lost to follow-up 0.818 0.828 0.834
Logistic remove non-outcomes lost to follow-up 0.818 0.824 0.841
Cox keep lost to follow-up 0.817 0.825 0.835
Constipation incident event (4089/3381) Logistic remove lost to follow-up 0.712 0.71 0.721
Logistic keep lost to follow-up 0.712 0.712 0.717
Logistic remove non-outcomes lost to follow-up 0.71 0.704 0.727
Cox keep lost to follow-up 0.713 0.711 0.723
Diarrhea incident event (4687/3957) Logistic remove lost to follow-up 0.699 0.693 0.702
Logistic keep lost to follow-up 0.695 0.692 0.694
Logistic remove non-outcomes lost to follow-up 0.696 0.685 0.708
Cox keep lost to follow-up 0.699 0.694 0.704
Insomnia incident event (5843/4960) Logistic remove lost to follow-up 0.673 0.669 0.676
Logistic keep lost to follow-up 0.673 0.673 0.673
Logistic remove non-outcomes lost to follow-up 0.668 0.656 0.684
Cox keep lost to follow-up 0.674 0.671 0.68
Nausea incident event (6003/4997) Logistic remove lost to follow-up 0.716 0.71 0.722
Logistic keep lost to follow-up 0.717 0.713 0.718
Logistic remove non-outcomes lost to follow-up 0.711 0.699 0.726
Cox keep lost to follow-up 0.718 0.711 0.725
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