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Table 2 Validity in quantitative content analysis

From: Designing a national model for assessment of nursing informatics competency

Row Basic computer skills CVI CVR Result
Simplicity Clarity Relevancy
1 Having basic computer skills (e.g. turning on and turning off the computer, printing, documentation, using the mouse) 0.75 0.75 0.83 1 Confirmed
2 Using windows operating system 0.91 0.91 1 0.8 Confirmed
3 Being able to resolve common error reports 0.75 0.7 0.75 0.8 Confirmed
4 Using an antivirus software to scan
files, folders and drives
1 0.9 0.7 0.6 Confirmed
5 Being able to back up computer files 0.91 0.9 0.75 0.6 Confirmed
6 Operating peripheral devices such as printers and scanners 0.83 0.83 0.75 0.6 Confirmed
7 Using spreadsheet applications such as Microsoft excel 0.83 0.91 0.91 0.6 Confirmed
8 Using external storage devices such as CDs, DVDs and memory cards 0.83 0.7 0.75 0.6 Confirmed
9 Changing the default printer from the installed printer list 0.83 0.83 0.91 0.6 Confirmed
10 Using multimedia presentation devices 0.33 0.25 0.41 0.33 Rejected
11 Using word processing software applications 0.91 0.91 1 0.8 Confirmed
12 Having typing skills 1 0.91 0.91 0.6 Confirmed
13 Using PowerPoint software application 1 0.91 0.91 0.56 Confirmed
14 Using Access software application 0.91 0.91 0.58 − 0.5 Rejected
15 Using the Internet 0.91 0.91 0.83 0.77 Confirmed
16 Using search engines on the Internet 1 1 0.91 0.8 Confirmed
17 Using e-mails (e.g. sending mails, responding to mails, attaching files, forwarding mails and deleting mails) 0.91 1 0.91 0.6 Confirmed
18 Using the computer safely 0.75 0.7 0.7 1 Confirmed
19 Using computerized self-learning equipment 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.8 Confirmed
20 Installing windows operating system 0.83 0.83 0.33 − 0.4 Rejected
21 Using telecommunication devices such as modems or other devices to communicate with other systems 0.83 0.83 0.75 − 0.2 Rejected
22 Using the techniques of encryption and access control 0.58 0.41 0.36 − 0.33 Rejected
  Informatics knowledge CVI CVR Result
   Simplicity Clarity Relevancy   
23 Knowing the common computer terminology, e.g., bit, byte, RAM, ROM, etc 0.91 0.91 0.58 − 0.2 Rejected
24 Knowing basic components of a computer's hardware system and their functions 0.75 0.75 0.72 0.2 Rejected
25 Knowing the usage of file management function in computer operating system 0.83 0.83 0.7 0.56 Confirmed
26 Knowing how to install software drivers for accessories 0.75 0.75 0.41 − 0.2 Rejected
27 Describing information needed through key concepts and terms in nursing profession 0.75 0.75 0.7 0.56 Confirmed
28 Determining the most appropriate methods for accessing information electronically 0.72 0.75 0.7 0.6 Confirmed
29 Evaluating health information on the Internet using a structure critique format 0.41 0.54 0.63 0.2 Rejected
30 Recognizing that there are human functions that cannot be performed by computers 0.7 0.75 0.7 0.6 Confirmed
31 Knowing the probability of making mistakes by computer users 0.81 0.75 0.81 0.6 Confirmed
32 Knowing the importance of confidentiality and privacy when processing computerized data and medical records 0.72 0.75 0.9 0.6 Confirmed
33 Applying the principles of data integrity, professional ethics and legal requirements for patient confidentiality and data security 0.72 0.72 0.91 0.6 Confirmed
34 Understanding the essentials of information sources such as a variable form, different characteristics, and various physical formats 0.3 0.4 0.6 − 0.14 Rejected
35 Understanding and applying essential information-seeking concepts and practices 0.83 0.7 0.75 0.6 Confirmed
36 Understanding the procedure of scholarly information 0.66 0.58 0.83 0.2 Rejected
37 Analyzing patient information needs, accesses technology resources etc. to meet the needs and to evaluate effectiveness 0.75 0.75 0.81 0.56 Confirmed
38 Recognizing the need for continual learning informatics skills, applications, and knowledge 0.83 0.83 0.91 0.6 Confirmed
39 Recognizing that a computer program has limitations due to its design and computer capacity 0.75 0.75 0.7 0.6 Confirmed
40 Recognizing that it takes time, persistent effort, and skill for computers to become effective tools 0.91 0.83 0.91 0.6 Confirmed
41 Knowing about the laws regarding protecting personal information in computers 0.83 0.91 0.91 1 Confirmed
42 Recognizes that one does not have to be a computer programmer to use computers in nursing effectively 0.83 0.91 0.83 0 Rejected
43 Recognizing that computers are not intelligent in themselves and must be programmed based on users’ needs 1 1 0.83 − 0.2 Rejected
44 Describing patients’ rights as pertaining to computerized information management 0.54 0.41 0.9 − 0.6 Rejected
45 Recognizing the use and importance of nursing data for improving practice 0.91 0.75 0.91 1 Confirmed
46 Recognizing when information and communicates are needed 0.83 0.75 0.75 0.56 Confirmed
47 Recognizing the value of clinicians’ involvement in the design, selection, implementation, and evaluation of applications and systems in healthcare 0.66 0.66 0.66 0 Rejected
  Informatics skills CVI CVR Result
   Simplicity Clarity Relevancy   
48 Capturing data and information related to clinical care 0.7 0.91 0.91 0.6 Confirmed
49 Using wireless devices to locate and download resources for patient safety and quality care 0.66 0.75 0.58 0.4 Rejected
50 Using the HIS for nursing records 1 1 1 0.8 Confirmed
51 Using the HIS to store, retrieve and transfer patient data 1 1 1 0.77 Confirmed
52 Using applications for nursing diagnostic coding 0.91 0.81 0.72 0.6 Confirmed
53 Extracting data from clinical data sets 0.7 0.75 0.81 0.8 Confirmed
54 Accessing shared data sets 0.75 0.7 0.9 0.6 Confirmed
55 Participates in influencing the attitudes of other nurses toward computer use for nursing practice 0.83 0.83 0.77 0.56 Confirmed
56 Using wireless devices to locate and download resources 0.36 0.45 0.54 − 0.2 Rejected
57 Accessing, entering and retrieves local data for patient care (e.g. using the HIS and CIS for plans of care, assessment, intervention, notes and discharge planning 0.75 0.75 0.9 0.6 Confirmed
58 Using database management programs to develop a simple databases or tables 0.66 0.58 0.63 0 Rejected
59 Using an application to plan patient care including discharge planning 0.83 0.9 0.83 0.6 Confirmed
60 Using database software programs to construct nursing databases 0.66 0.72 0.33 0.2 Rejected
61 Assessing health information accuracy online 0.54 0.63 0.72 0.2 Rejected
62 Applying patient tele-monitoring systems 0.91 0.75 0.75 0.11 Rejected
63 Selecting system or application software programs 0.66 0.5 0.54 0.33 Rejected
64 Participating in selection, design, implementation and evaluation of systems 0.83 0.75 0.7 0.56 Confirmed
65 Teaching users and clients of nursing systems 0.83 0.7 0.77 0.6 Confirmed
66 Correcting some of the defects observed in working with systems 0.83 0.91 0.7 0.8 Confirmed
67 Applying information management technology for patient education 0.91 1 0.91 0.8 Confirmed
68 Using related social networks on the Internet 0.91 0.72 0.58 0 Rejected
69 Using multimedia files for learning 0.75 0.91 0.83 0.56 Confirmed
70 Being capable of creating and managing blogs or websites 0.91 0.91 0.58 − 0.11 Rejected
71 Using Endnote software application 0.91 0.83 0.5 0 Rejected
72 Using statistical software programs such as SPSS and other software programs for nursing information analysis 0.91 1 0.58 0.2 Rejected
73 Using library information and downloading nursing articles 1 1 0.75 0.8 Confirmed
74 Using search engines 1 0.91 0.83 0.8 Confirmed
  1. CVI: Content Validity Index; CVR: Content Validity Ratio; CD: Compact Disc; DVD: Digital Versatile Disc; RAM: Random Access Memory; ROM: Read-Only Memory; HIS: Hospital Information System; CIS: Clinical Information System; SPSS: Statistical Package for the Social Sciences
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