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Table 5 Baseline patient participant demographic and clinical characteristics (beta-study) (n = 38)

From: Improving patient-provider communication about chronic pain: development and feasibility testing of a shared decision-making tool

Characteristic Combined (n = 38) PainAPP (n = 30) Control (n = 8)
Mean age, years (range) 56.5 (22–80) 56.9 (22–75) 55 (41–80)
Gender, n (%)
 Male 12 (31.6) 9 (30.0) 3 (37.5)
 Female 26 (68.4) 21 (70.0) 5 (62.5)
Race, n (%)
 White/Caucasian 32 (84.2) 25 (83.3) 7 (87.5)
 Black or African American 2 (5.3) 2 (6.7) 0
 Latino or Hispanic 2 (5.3) 1 (3.3) 1 (12.5)
 Native American or Alaska Native 2 (5.3) 2 (6.7) 0
 Other 0 0 0
Education, n (%)
 High school graduate or GED 6 (15.8) 5 (16.7) 1 (12.5)
 Some college or 2-year college or technical school 10 (26.3) 7 (23.3) 3 (37.5)
 4-year college graduate 10 (26.3) 7 (23.3) 3 (37.5)
 More than 4-year college degree 12 (31.6) 11 (36.7) 1 (12.5)
Primary cause of chronic pain (%)
 Back pain 14 (36.8) 13 (43.3) 1 (12.5)
 Fibromyalgia 6 (15.8) 4 (13.3) 2 (25.0)
 Neck pain 4 (10.5) 4 (13,3) 0
 Nerve pain 4 (10.5) 3 (10.0) 1 (12.5)
 Other musculo-skeletal 8 (21.1) 5 (16.7) 3 (37.5)
 Complex Regional Pain Syndrome 1 (2.6) 0 1 (12.5)
 Other 1 (2.6) 1 (3.3) 0
Years with chronic pain, Mean (SD; range) 17.53 (12.13; 2–50) 17.45 (13.0; 2–50) 16.13 (8.2; 8–30
Past alcohol or drug problem, n (%) 6 (15.8) 5 (16.7) 1 (12.5)
Current daily tobacco use 8 (21.1) 7 (23.3) 1 (12.5)
Use of opioid medications, n (%)
 Yes, currently 17 (44.7) 13 (43.3) 4 (50.0)
 Yes, in past but not now 12 (31.6) 10 (33.3) 2 (25.0)
 No 9 (23.7) 7 (23.3) 2 (25.0)
Overall health (self-reported)
 Excellent 0 0 0
 Very good 11 (9.0) 9 (30.0) 2 (25.0)
 Good 15 (39.5) 12 (40.0) 3 (37.5)
 Fair 12 (31.6) 9 (30.0) 3 (37.5)
 Poor 0 0 0
Overall mental or emotional health (self-reported)
 Excellent 4 (10.5) 4 (13.3) 0
 Very good 9 (23.7) 6 (20.0) 3 (37.5)
 Good 13 (34.2) 13 (43.3) 0
 Fair 8 (21.1) 5 (16.7) 3 (37.5)
 Poor 4 (10.5) 2 (6.7) 2 (25.0)