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Table 1 Types of interactions considered for representation

From: A realism-based approach to an ontological representation of symbiotic interactions

Interaction Outcomes Level of Intimacy
mutualism +/+ Varies
commensalism +/0 Varies
agonism +/− Varies
amensalism −/0 Varies
antagonism −/− Varies
parasitism +/− High
parasitoidism +/− High
predation +/− Low
grazing +/− Low
  1. Legend: ‘+’ = benefit; ‘-‘= harm; ‘0’ = neutral