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Table 1 Differences of IVIM histogram parameter in benign and malignant breast lesions

From: The role of histogram analysis in diffusion-weighted imaging in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant breast lesions

Histogram parameter Benign lesions(n = 37) Malignant lesions(n = 26) P value
f
 minimum 47.0(11.0,89.5) 8.0(−29.3,33.0) 0.004
 mean 134.6(111.5166.1) 115.6(97.7126.1) 0.009
 variance 767.6(505.51246.3) 1241.0(757.52025.7) 0.032
 skewness −1.2(− 1.7,-0.4) − 0.5(− 1.0,-0.1) 0.002
 kurtosis 0.9(− 0.4,2.7) −0.2(− 1.0,0.5) 0.002
 1th percentile (1.0,95.0) (1.0, 58.5) 0.143
 10th percentile 105.0(52.0,139.5) 61.0(33.0,93.8) 0.005
 50th percentile 137.0(119.5171.5) 122.0(104.8129.3) 0.006
 90th percentile (139.0,192.0) (140.3169.3) 0.468
 99th percentile (148.5230.0) (153.8190.3) 0.382
ADC-Fast
 kurtosis 3.8(0.3,8.3) 9.8(2.3,16.0) 0.034
ADC-slow
 Mean 84.2(69.3,98.4) 66.9(60.0,82.8) 0.002
 1th percentile (22.0, 74.0) (49.0, 75.5) 0.186
 10th percentile (58.5, 80.5) (58.8, 82.8) 0.189
 50th percentile 85.0(69.5,98.0) 66.5(58.9,83.0) 0.000
 90th percentile (72.5, 105.0) (72.8, 105.3) 0.209
 99th percentile (75.0, 105.0) (74.8, 111.3) 0.983