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Table 1 Previous works

From: Smartphone and medical application use among dentists in China

Name Research object Country Objective Result
Orrin et al.
(2012) [8]
Medical providers USA The use of smartphones and smartphone apps among providers at medical centers recognized by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) 1. A total of 3306 unique responses from 1397 residents, 524 fellows, and 1385 attending physicians among 27 different specialties attended the Study.
2. Greater than 85% of respondents used a smartphone.
3. Over half of the respondents reported using apps in their clinical practice.
4. the most commonly used app types were drug guides, medical calculators, coding and billing apps and pregnancy wheels.
Karl et al.
(2012) [11]
Medical students, junior doctors United
Smartphone and medical related App use among medical students and junior doctors 1. 257 medical students and 131 junior doctors attended the study.
2. 79.0% of medical students and 74.8% of junior doctors owned a smartphone.
3. The majority of students and doctors owned 1–5 medical related applications, with very few owning more than 10.
4. Over 24 h apps were used for between 1 and 30 min for students and 1–20 min for doctors.
5. Students used disease diagnosis/management and drug reference apps, with doctors favouring clinical score/calculator apps.
Rikesh et al.
(2015) [7]
Surgical doctors United
Smartphone use amongst doctors within the surgical profession 1. A total of 341 participants were surveyed.
2. 93.5% of which owned
a smartphone, with 54.2% of those owning medical apps and 86.2% using their device to access online medical resources.
3. 79.3% stated that they would be willing to use their smartphone for clinical use.
Payal et al.
(2018) [13]
Dental students Central Indian Digital literacy and use of smart phones among Central Indian dental students 1. Out of 260 students, 250 were internet users.
2. 94.23% students owned a smartphone.
3. 46.53% students had some app related to the dentistry in their smartphone device.
4. Nearly 80% dental students believed that social media helps them in their professional course studies. 5. 89.23% students were keen for implementation of e-learning in their curriculum.
Sameer et al.
(2018) [14]
Physicians Saudi Arabia Popularity and impact of using smart devices in medicine in Saudi Arabia 1. 300 physicians attended the study.
2. 88.3% physicians had smart devices, and 86.3% had at least one medical app installed.
3. 53.0% used an app at least once a day.
4. Medical apps were positively perceived, with physicians reporting increased dependency on the apps