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Table 2 Characteristics of sampled studies (n = 61)

From: Definitions, components and processes of data harmonisation in healthcare: a scoping review

Study name Date Type of study Intervention term Country Level of the health care system Purpose of the study
Akhlaq 2016 Review, qualitative HIE LMICs Management, countries Barriers and facilitators of HIE
Boyd Boyd 2014 Conceptual RL Australia Research Functions of record linkage
Burris 2017 Commentary HIE USA Frontline: hospitals Benefits of HIE
Campion 2012 Primary, quantitative HIE USA Frontline: health care workers Push and pull of HIE
Cimino 2014 Conceptual HIE USA Management Debates around consumer-mediated HIE
Dalan 2010 Conceptual DM USA Management Possibilities for clinical data mining and research
Dimitropoulos 2009 Conceptual HIE USA Management Privacy and security of interoperable HIE
Dixon 2010 Review, framework HIE USA Research Costs, effort and value of HIE
Downing 2017 Primary, quantitative HIE USA Management: policy Relationship between HIE and organisational HIE policy decisions
Downs 2010 Conceptual HIE USA Management Improving laboratory services through HIE
Dullabh 2013 Primary, qualitative HIE USA Management: organisations Experience of HIE implementation
Elysee Elysee 2017 Primary, quantitative HIE, IO USA Frontline: hospitals Relationship between HIE, interoperability and medication reconciliation
Esmaeilzadeh 2016 Review HIE n/a Management: policy HIE assimilation and patterns for policy
Esmaeilzadeh 2017 Review HIE n/a Frontline: patients Patients’ perceptions of HIE
Fontaine 2010 Review HIE n/a Frontline: primary health care HIE for primary health care practices
Fontaine 2010 Primary, qualitative HIE USA Frontline: primary health care Barriers and facilitators of HIE in primary care practices
Frisse 2010 Conceptual HIE USA Frontline: patients, workers Impact of HIE on patient-provider relationships
Gadd 2011 Primary, quantitative HIE USA Frontline: health care workers Users’ perspectives on the usability of a regional HIE
Gill 2001 Primary, quantitative DL South Africa Frontline: patients, disease Linkage of non-communicable diseases data
Greene 2016 Conceptual HIE USA Management Technical and financial aspects of HIE
Grossman 2008 Conceptual HIE USA Management Barriers to stakeholder participation in HIE
Haarbrandt 2016 Conceptual DW USA Management Approaches for a clinical data warehouse
Herwehe 2012 Primary, quantitative HIE USA Frontline: health care workers Implementation of an electronic medical record and HIE
Hincapie 2011 Primary, qualitative HIE USA Frontline: health care workers Physicians’ opinions of HIE
Hopf 2014 Review DL n/a Frontline: health care workers Healthcare professionals’ views of linking routinely collected data
Hu 2007 Conceptual DS USA Management Challenges in implementing an infectious disease information sharing and analysis system
Hypponen 2014 Primary, quantitative HIE Finland Frontline: health care workers User experiences with different regional HIE
Ji 2017 Primary, quantitative HIE Korea Frontline: hospitals Technology and policy changes for HIE
Jones 2012 Conceptual DS USA Management An overview of electronic data sharing
Kash 2017 Review HIE n/a Frontline: hospitals Hospital readmission reduction and the role of HIE
Kierkegaard 2014 Primary, qualitative HIE USA Frontline: health care workers Applications of HIE information to public health practice
Kierkegaard 2014 Primary, qualitative HIE USA Management Health practitioners’ needs and HIE
Kuperman 2013 Conceptual HIE USA Management Potential unintended consequences of HIE
Liu 2010 Primary, qualitative DH China Management Defining data elements for HIE
Maiorana 2012 Primary, mixed HIE USA Frontline: workers, disease Trust, confidentiality and acceptability of sharing HIV data for HIE
Massoudi 2016 Primary, qualitative HIE USA Frontline: organisations HIE for clinical quality measures
Mastebroek 2014 Review HIE USA Frontline: disease, workers HIE in general care practice for people with disabilities
Mastebroek 2016 Primary, quantitative HIE Netherlands Frontline: health care workers Priority setting and feasibility of HIE
Mastebroek 2017 Primary, qualitative HIE Netherlands Frontline: patients Experiences of people with intellectual disabilities in HIE
Matsumoto 2017 Primary, qualitative HIE USA Frontline: workers, hospitals HIE in managing hospital services
Parker 2016 Review HIE USA Research The use of HIE in supporting clinical research
Politi 2014 Conceptual HIE n/a Management Use patterns of HIE
Rahurkar 2015 Review HIE n/a Frontline: hospital Impact of HIE on cost, use and quality of care
Ramos 2016 Primary, mixed HIE USA Frontline: patients HIE consent process in an HIV clinic
Ranade-Kharkar 2014 Conceptual HIE USA Management Improving data quality integrity through HIE
Ross 2010 Primary, qualitative HIE USA Frontline: clinics Motivators, barriers, and potential facilitators of adoption of HIE
Rudin 2014 Review HIE USA Frontline: clinical care Use and effect of HIE on clinical care
Vest 2016 Primary, qualitative HIE USA Management: policy makers, leaders Information-sharing needs and HIE
Sadoughi 2018 Review HIE n/a Management Quality and cost-effectiveness, and the rates of HIE adoption and participation
Santos 2017 Primary, quantitative HIE Brazil Frontline: clinics, hospitals HIE for continuity
of maternal and neonatal care
Shade 2012 Primary, quantitative HIE USA Frontline: clinics, hospitals HIE for quality and continuity of HIV care
Shapiro 2016 Conceptual HIE USA Frontline: workers, organisations HIE in emergency medicine
Shapiro 2006 Conceptual HIE USA Management Approaches to patient HIE and their impact on emergency medicine
Vest 2012 Review HIE n/a Management National and international approaches of health information exchange
Vest 2015 Primary, qualitative HIE USA Frontline: consumers, organisations HIE to change cost and utilisation outcomes
Vest 2010 Conceptual HIE USA Management Challenges and strategies for HIE
Williams 2012 Conceptual HIE USA Management Strategies to advance HIE
Yaraghi 2014 Conceptual HIE USA Management Professional and geographical network effects on HIE growth
Yeager 2014 Primary, qualitative HIE USA Frontline: consumers Factors related to HIE participation and use
Zaidan 2015 Conceptual HIE Malaysia Management Security framework for nationwide HIE
Zhu 2010 Primary quantitative HIE USA Research Facilitating clinical research through HIE