Skip to main content

Table 2 Four test groups and 32 diagnoses used in clustering and classification analyses. The first column is an abbreviation used in Tables and Figures. Typical findings are listed illustratively for non-neurologists and are not meant to be a definitive reference on each condition

From: Evaluation of standard and semantically-augmented distance metrics for neurology patients

  Test Group Typical Findings N
Patient with weakness Group 1 148
GBS Guillain Barré syndrome* weakness, areflexia, sensory loss, paresthesias 20
MYL myelopathy weakness, sensory level, urinary retention, hyperreflexia 29
CE cauda equina leg weakness, urinary retention, sensory loss 6
ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis weakness, hyperreflexia, fasciculations 21
MS multiple sclerosis weakness, sensory changes, hyperreflexia, diplopia 19
MYO myopathy proximal muscle weakness 15
MG myasthenia gravis weakness, diplopia, ptosis 18
PN polyneuropathy weakness, sensory loss, hyporeflexia 20
  Patient with abnormal movements Group 2 75
HD Huntington disease* chorea, personality change 16
PAR Parkinson disease* tremor, bradykinesia, rigidity 19
PSP progressive supranuclear palsy bradykinesia, rigidity, gaze palsies 8
SND striatonigral degeneration bradykinesia, rigidity 8
ET essential tremor tremor 7
HB hemiballismus hemiballismus 4
DYS dystonia dystonia 9
WIL Wilson disease* tremor, ataxia, dystonia, bradykinesia, personality change 4
  Patient with altered mental status Group 3 102
LBD Lewy body dementia dementia, bradykinesia, hallucinations 6
B12 B12 deficiency paresthesias, confusion, weakness, sensory loss 9
NPH normal pressure hydrocephalus urinary incontinence, dementia, gait apraxia 14
AW acute Wernicke encephalopathy* confusion, diplopia, ataxia, disorientation 19
CJD Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease* myoclonus, personality change, memory loss, disorientation 12
ALZ Alzheimer disease* amnesia, dementia 16
FTD frontotemporal dementia aphasia, dementia, executive dysfunction 14
SDH subdural hematoma headache, lethargy, weakness, confusion 12
  Patient with cranial neuropathy Group 4 67
BPV benign positional vertigo vertigo 9
MNR Meniere disease* vertigo, dizziness, hearing loss 7
RH Ramsay Hunt syndrome* facial weakness, hearing loss 6
BEL Bell palsy* facial weakness 10
THD third nerve palsy diplopia, ptosis 8
AN acoustic neuroma tinnitus, hearing loss, nystagmus 11
ON optic neuritis blurred vision, papilledema 6
TN trigeminal neuralgia face pain 10
  1. *The non-possessive form of eponymous diseases has been used uniformly [61]