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Table 2 Frequencies for characteristics of all included articles (n = 74)

From: Shared decision making in surgery: a scoping review of patient and surgeon preferences

Variable Studies, n(%)
Surgical specialtya
 Oncology 29 (39)
 General Surgery 13 (18)
 Orthopedics 10 (14)
 Urology 9 (12)
 Gynecology 7 (9)
 Colorectal 6 (8)
 Thoracic 6 (8)
 Cardiac 5 (7)
 Plastic Surgery 4 (5)
 Transplantation 3 (4)
 Vascular 3 (4)
 Neurosurgery 2 (3)
 ENT/Otolaryngology 1 (1)
 Ophthalmology 1 (1)
Cancer diagnosis
 Yes 50 (68)
 No 19 (26)
 Unclear 5 (7)
Study methods
 Qualitative 18 (24)
 Quantitative 49 (66)
 Mixed methods 7 (9)
Study location
 US 26 (35)
 Non-US 48 (65)
Study setting
 Inpatient 7 (9)
 Outpatient 64 (86)
 Both 3 (4)
Type of subjects
 Patients only 58 (78)
 Surgeons only 6 (8)
 Both patients and surgeons 10 (14)
Number of subjects
 1–5 1 (1)
 6–20 7 (9)
 21–50 12 (16)
 51–100 11 (15)
 101–500 33 (45)
  > 501 10 (14)
Population gender
 Male only 4 (5)
 Female only 25 (34)
 Both 45 (61)
Clinical dilemma
 Surgery versus non-operative management 37 (50)
 Choice among surgical procedures 29 (39)
 Timing of surgery 4 (5)
 Other 4 (5)
Acuity of interventiona
 Elective 22 (30)
 Urgent 47 (64)
 Emergent 0 (0)
 Unclear 7 (9)
Surgeon preference
 Favors surgeon-guided decision making 4 (25)
 Favors shared decision making 12 (75)
 Favors independent decision making 0 (0)
Patient preference
 Favors surgeon-guided decision making 26 (35)
 Favors shared decision making 40 (54)
 Favors independent decision making 8 (11)
  1. aOverlap exist among surgical specialties, acuity of intervention, and patient preference resulting in % > 100
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