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Table 4 Crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for increased knowledge of mothers and related practices for newborn healthcare by exposure to Aponjon and its use pattern

From: Does mHealth voice messaging work for improving knowledge and practice of maternal and newborn healthcare?

Aponjon exposure and use pattern n = 786 Knowledge for newborn health care Practice of newborn health care
% scored ≥50th percentile Crude OR^ (95% CI) Adjusted ORa (95% CI) % scored ≥50th percentile Crude OR^ (95% CI) Adjusted ORa (95% CI)
Exposure to Aponjon
 No exposure (non-user) 454 45.6 1.00 1.00 48.5 1.00 1.00
 3–5 months exposure 51 51.0 1.24 (0.70–2.21) 1.19 (0.67–2.12) 41.2 0.74 (0.41–1.34) 0.77 (0.42–1.40)
 6–12 months exposure 281 56.9 1.58 (1.17–2.13) 1.46 (1.05–2.03) 54.1 1.25 (0.93–1.69) 1.22 (0.91–1.64)
Use pattern of Aponjon
 No exposure (non-user) 454 45.6 1.00 1.00 48.5 1.00 1.00
 Did not receive or listen to ≥3 messages per month (poor pattern) 222 52.7 1.33 (0.96–1.83) 1.28 (0.91–1.80) 47.3 0.95 (0.69–1.32) 0.96 (0.71–1.31)
 Received and listened to ≥3 messages per month (good pattern) 110 62.7 2.01 (1.31–3.08) 1.76 (1.10–2.80) 61.8 1.72 (1.12–2.64) 1.63 (1.04–2.55)
Exposure to Aponjon and use pattern
 No exposure (non-users) 454 45.6 1.00 1.00 48.5 1.00 1.00
 Subscribed for 3–5 months and had a poor pattern of use 41 43.9 0.93 (0.49–1.78) 0.91 (0.47–1.77) 36.6 0.61 (0.32–1.19) 0.64 (0.35–1.16)
 Subscribed for 3–5 months and had a good pattern of use 10 80.0 4.77 (1.00–22.72) 4.30 (1.12–16.52) 60.0 1.60 (0.44–5.73) 1.65 (0.39–6.97)
 Subscribed for 6–9 months and had a poor patter of use 181 54.7 1.44 (1.02–2.04) 1.38 (0.96–1.99) 49.7 1.05 (0.75–1.48) 1.06 (0.75–1.48)
 Subscribed for 6–9 months and had a good patter of use 100 61.0 1.87 (1.20–2.90) 1.63 (1.02–2.61) 62.0 1.74 (1.11–2.70) 1.63 (1.06–2.51)
  1. aAdjusted for area, ownership of mobile phone, exposure to mass media, cluster; ^based on propensity score matched sample