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Table 4 Stillbirth-caused decrease in life expectancy and DALY or years of life lost by region & income-group

From: Stillbirths: how should its rate be reported, its disability-adjusted-life-years (DALY), and stillbirths adjusted life expectancy

Region/income-group LE SALE |SALE-LE| DALY=YLL (in 100,000)
DR Mean/Total 79.31 79.04 0.27 3.6
 SD 3.7 3.7 0.11  
 SD/Mean 4.6 4.7 41.8  
SA Mean/Total 70.53 69.23 1.30 63.4
 SD 5.1 5.7 0.79  
 SD/Mean 7.2 8.2 60.2  
CCA Mean/Total 70.89 69.99 0.89 1.6
 SD 3.1 3.1 0.23  
 SD/Mean 4.3 4.5 25.8  
EA Mean/Total 74.58 74.03 0.54 9.7
 SD 5.8 6.0 0.32  
 SD/Mean 7.7 8.1 57.9  
LAC Mean/Total 74.14 73.40 0.75 6.7
 SD 3.8 4.0 0.45  
 SD/Mean 5.1 5.4 41.6  
NAME Mean/Tot 74.06 73.21 0.85 10.4
 SD 3.7 4.0 0.45  
 SD/Mean 5.0 5.5 52.3  
SEA Mean/Total 71.22 70.34 0.88 10.6
 SD 4.7 5.0 0.34  
 SD/Mean 6.6 7.0 38.9  
SSA Mean/Total 60.33 58.92 1.41 59.4
 SD 5.8 6.0 0.43  
 SD/Mean 9.7 10.1 30.8  
World Mean/Tot 71.18 70.33 0.85 165.3
 SD 8.38 8.82 0.56  
 SD/Mean 11.8 12.5 65.2  
H & Up-Mid-Y
 Mean/Total 76.14 75.63 0.51 27.2
 SD 5.6 5.9 0.32  
 SD/Mean 7.4 7.7 62.5  
Low-Mid & L-Y
 Mean/Total 64.69 63.39 1.30 138.1
 SD 6.83 7.07 0.48  
 SD/Mean 10.6 11.1 37.0  
  1. LE and SALE stand for the traditional life expectancy and stillbirths adjusted life expectancy, respectively, and are for 2015 above. Traditional life expectancy data is from World Development Indicators (WDI) Difference between the two measures decrease in life-expectancy due to considering stillbirths. SD and mean are of corresponding numbers of individual countries’ in the region or income-group given in Additional file 3. The abbreviations for the regions and income-group are DR developed region, SA Southern Asia, CCA Caucasus and Central Asia, EA Eastern Asia, LA Latin America & Caribbean, NAME North Africa and Middle East, SEA South-eastern Asia, SSA Sub-Saharan Africa, H & Up-Mid-Y high and upper middle income, Low-Mid & L-Y lower middle and low income. SD/mean is expressed as a % (with % sign not written)