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Table 3 Time taken to perform risk of bias assessments using machine learning assisted, and fully manual approaches. Relative time estimated from mixed effects model, adjusting for inter-participant differences as a random effect

From: Machine learning to help researchers evaluate biases in clinical trials: a prospective, randomized user study

  Machine Learning (n = 82) Standard (n = 82) p value Relative Time
Time mean = 755 mean = 824 p < 0.001 0.75 (95% CI 0.62 to
(seconds) (SD = 868) (SD = 727)   0.92)