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Table 4 Principal component analysis: A) Core readiness, B) Engagement readiness, and C) Structural readiness

From: Are Austrian practitioners ready to use medical apps? Results of a validation study

1 2 3 4
1. Advocacy
 I am an innovator and/or champion for medical app use. (B) 0.83    
 I have a driving need to address a public or patient healthcare problem (as opposed to a practitioner specific one) that could be met by medical apps. (A) 0.82    
 I am willing to make the initial extra investment in time. (B) 0.78    
 I have a sense of curiosity about the influences of medical app use on improving the delivery of health care (potential benefits). (B) 0.76    
 I communicate with other practitioners and the public concerning the benefits of medical app use. (B) 0.75    
 I have the need to interact with other practitioners. (B) 0.71    
 I have examples and evidence of medical app use in similar contexts. (B) 0.65    
 I believe medical app use can address scheduling concerns and apprehensions about overextended workloads. (C) 0.62    
 I have access to an established reliable and available clinical consultation network (human) when using medical apps. (C) 0.62    
 I have 24-h access to medical apps. (C) 0.61    
 I have respect for others in the medical team using medical apps. (B) 0.59    
 I am provided with reliable clinical content and continuing medical education for medical app use. (C) 0.48    
 I have reimbursement plans for medical app in place. (C) 0.45    
2. Skepticism
 I have a feeling of dissatisfaction with the current available ways of delivering care, e.g. status quo. (A)   0.76   
 I have firsthand experience of the negative effects of isolation from healthcare services (professional and educational). (A)   0.56   
3. Liability
 I attend to issues regarding liability and licensing when using medical apps. (C)    0.56  
4. Reliability
 I have dealt with apprehensions about the reliability of medical apps and have good technical support and backup plans. (C)     0.51