Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Sample Baseline Characteristics by Portal Behaviora

From: Patient portal adoption and use by hospitalized cancer patients: a retrospective study of its impact on adverse events, utilization, and patient satisfaction

Characteristics Adopters (n = 2,352) Nonadopters (n = 2,242) P value Active Inpatient Users (n = 632) Inactive Inpatient Users (n = 1,720) P value
Age group (years) Mean (SD) 62.3 (14.0) 65.4 (14.8) <.01b 60.2 (14.3) 63.0 (13.8) <.01b
≤44 259 (11.0) 191 (8.5) <.01c 82 (13.0) 177 (10.3) <.01c
45-54 339 (14.4) 281 (12.5) 106 (16.8) 233 (13.5)
55-64 632 (26.9) 480 (21.4) 185 (29.3) 447 (26.0)
65-74 702 (29.8) 652 (29.1) 166 (26.3) 536 (31.2)
75-84 339 (14.4) 454 (20.2) 80 (12.7) 259 (15.1)
≥85 81 (3.4) 184 (8.2) 13 (2.1) 68 (4.0)
Sex Female 1,148 (48.8) 1,055 (47.0) .25c 295 (46.7) 852 (49.5) .22c
Male 1,204 (51.2) 1,188 (53.0) 337 (53.3) 869 (50.5)
Race African American 121 (5.2) 273 (12.4) <.01c 18 (2.9) 103 (6.1) <.01c
White 2,120 (91.3) 1847 (84.0) 575 (91.9) 1,545 (91.2)
Other 80 (3.4) 78 (3.5) 33 (5.3) 47 (2.8)
Marital status Married 1,786 (75.9) 1,454 (64.9) <.01c 506 (80.1) 1,280 (74.4) <.01c
Single/divorced/widowed 566 (24.1) 788 (35.1) 126 (19.9) 440 (25.6)
Employment status Employed 739 (37.7) 547 (28.9) <.01c 206 (38.1) 533 (37.5) .79c
Retired 836 (42.6) 935 (49.4) 208 (38.5) 628 (44.2)
Not employed/disabled 386 (19.7) 411 (21.7) 126 (23.3) 260 (18.3)
Income Below Florida median income 645 (28.3) 803 (37.2) <.01c 167 (26.5) 478 (27.8) .54c
At or above Florida median income 1,707 (71.7) 1,439 (64.1) 465 (73.5) 1,242 (72.2)
Health insurance Commercial insurance/self pay 1,145 (48.7) 815 (36.4) <.01c 339 (53.6) 806 (46.9) <.01c
Medicare/Medicaid/other government assistance 1,207 (51.3) 1,427 (63.6) 293 (46.4) 914 (53.1)
Geographic area of residence Nonlocal 521 (22.2) 493 (22.0) .89c 166 (26.3) 335 (20.6) <.01c
Local 1,831 (77.8) 1,749 (78.0) 466 (73.7) 1,365 (79.4)
Comorbidity d None 1,115 (47.4) 1,052 (46.9) .58c 289 (45.7) 826 (48.0) .32c
One or more 1,237 (52.6) 1,190 (53.1) 343 (54.3) 894 (52.0)
Comorbidity typee Congestive heart failure 145 (6.2) 171 (7.6) .05c 51 (8.1) 94 (5.5) .02c
Peripheral vascular disease 322 (13.7) 338 (15.1) .18c 83 (13.1) 239 (13.9) .63c
Cerebrovascular disease 165 (7.0) 224 (10.0) <.01c 42 (6.6) 123 (7.2) .67c
Chronic pulmonary disease 262 (11.1) 256 (11.4) .77c 61 (9.7) 201 (11.7) .16c
Mild liver disease 432 (18.4) 291 (13.0) <.01c 129 (20.4) 303 (17.6) .12c
Diabetes mellitus 392 (16.7) 351 (15.7) .35c 115 (18.2) 277 (16.1) .23c
Moderate/severe renal disease 196 (8.3) 179 (8.0) .66c 53 (8.4) 143 (8.3) .96c
Moderate/severe liver disease 121 (5.1) 86 (3.8) .03c 49 (7.8) 72 (4.2) <.01c
Admission type based on MSDRG Surgical 1,504 (63.9) 1,315 (58.7) <.01b 348 (55.1) 1,156 (67.2) <.01b
Medical 848 (36.1) 927 (41.3) 284 (44.9) 564 (32.8)
Frequency of hospitalizations, mean (SD) 1.8 (1.5) 1.4 (1.1) <.01b 2.0 (1.7) 1.7 (1.4) <.01b
APRDRG weight, mean, (median, SD) 2.5 (1.5, 2.9) 2.3 (1.5, 2.3) .24b 3.1 (1.9, 3.6) 2.3 (1.4, 2.6) <.01b
  1. Abbreviations: APRDRG All Patients Refined Diagnosis Related Group, MSDRG Medicare Severity-Diagnosis Related Group
  2. aData are reported as No. (%) for count variables and mean (SD) for continuous variables
  3. bWilcoxon nonparmetric
  4. cPearson χ2 test
  5. dComorbidity groups are not mutually exclusive as a patient may have more than 1 comorbidity diagnosis
  6. eComorbidity type was reported for diseases with > 5% of patients