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Table 1 Used performance measures and targets to validate the measurement model from Hair et al. [9]

From: Development and validation of a model for the adoption of structured and standardised data recording among healthcare professionals

Type of validation Measure Target
internal consistency / composite reliability Dillon Goldstein’s rho (alternatives are Cronbach’s alpha and eigenvalues) >  0.60 are acceptable in exploratory research
indicator reliability outer loadings >  0.708
convergent validity Average Variance Extracted (AVE) >  0.5
discriminant validity A) outer loadings A) the outer loading of an observed variable on its concept is higher than its cross loadings with other concepts
B) Fornell-Larcker criterion B) the square root of the AVE of a concept should be higher than its correlations with all other concepts