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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: Effective behavioral intervention strategies using mobile health applications for chronic disease management: a systematic review

Inclusion criteria • studies that included adult patients with chronic diseases (except diabetes) as the target population
• studies that involved using a mobile application
• studies that focused on disease management or health promotion
Exclusion criteria • studies that included healthy people, pregnant women, non-adults (i.e., adolescents and children), and healthcare providers
• studies that used only qualitative methods or simple usability tests
• studies that measured psychological outcomes only