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Table 2 The Willingness of Chronic Disease Patients to Use Physical Activity Apps vis-à-vis Individual Factors

From: Facilitators and barriers to using physical activity smartphone apps among Chinese patients with chronic diseases

Individual Factors Willingness to Use Physical Activity Apps (n, %) χ2 p
Yes (n = 117) No/Uncertain (n = 101)  
Sex
 Male (85) 41 (35.0) 44 (43.6) 1.65 0.198
 Female (133) 76 (65.0) 57 (56.4)   
Age (years)
 ≤44 (89) 60 (51.3) 29 (28.7) 11.42 0.001
 >44 (129) 57 (48.7) 72 (71.3)   
Marriage status
 Married (179) 94 (80.3) 85 (84.2) 0.53 0.463
 Others (39) 23 (19.7) 16 (15.8)   
Education
 Primary (73) 32 (27.4) 41 (40.6) 4.26 0.045
 Diploma/degree (145) 85 (72.6) 60 (59.4)   
Employment status
 Yes (172) 98 (83.8) 74 (73.3) 3.58 0.058
 No (46) 19 (16.2) 27 (26.7)   
BMI
 Standard (134) 76 (65.0) 58 (57.4) 1.29 0.255
 Overweight (84) 41 (35.0) 43 (42.6)   
Medical Diagnosis
 Cardiovascular (71) 33 (46.5) 38 (53.5)   
 Cerebrovascular (27) 15 (55.6) 12 (44.4) 2.62 0.624
 Respiratory (64) 38 (59.4) 26 (40.6)   
 DM (33) 19 (57.6) 14 (42.4)   
 More than one (23) 12 (52.2) 11 (47.8)   
Exercise Frequency
 None/seldom (48) 21 (17.9) 27 (26.7) 9.92 0.019
 Occasionally (63) 27 (23.1) 36 (35.6)   
 1–2 times/week (44) 28 (23.9) 16 (15.8)   
 3–4 times/week (63) 41 (35.0) 22 (34.9)   
Exercise time
 <30mins (64) 29 (24.8) 35 (34.7) 3.30 0.192
 30–60mins (99) 54 (46.2) 45 (44.6)   
 >60mins (55) 34 (29.1) 21 (20.8)   
Smartphone user
 Yes (202) 113 (96.6) 89 (88.1) 5.70 0.020
 No (16) 4 (3.4) 12 (11.9)   
Had used physical activity apps
 Yes (76) 55 (47.0) 21 (20.8) 16.40 < 0.001
 No (142) 62 (53.0) 80 (79.2)   
Perceiving their chronic disease need reasonable doing exercises
 Yes (159) 93 (79.5) 66 (65.3) 5.49 0.019
 No (59) 24 (20.5) 35 (34.7)   
Perceiving their chronic disease need exercise instructions
 Yes (113) 75 (64.1) 38 (37.6) 15.22 < 0.001
 No (105) 42 (35.9) 63 (62.4)   
Perceiving their chronic disease need professional support
 Yes (156) 96 (82.1) 60 (59.4) 16.60 < 0.001
 No (62) 21 (17.9) 41 (40.6)   
Need encourage when doing exercise
 Yes (78) 43 (36.8) 35 (34.7) 0.78 0.429
 No (140) 74 (63.2) 66 (65.3)   
Need monitor physical status when doing exercise
 Yes (148) 91 (61.5) 57 (56.4) 11.33 0.001
 No (70) 26 (22.2) 44 (43.6)   
Acceptance of charged apps
 Yes (26) 19 (16.2) 7 (6.9) 4.47 0.038
 No (192) 98 (83.8) 94 (93.1)