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Table 1 Physical Activity App Usage by Chronic Disease Patients vis-à-vis Individual Factors

From: Facilitators and barriers to using physical activity smartphone apps among Chinese patients with chronic diseases

Individual Factors Frequency n (%) Physical Activity App Usage χ2 p
Yes (n = 76) No (n = 142)
Sex
 Male 85 (39.0) 28 (36.8) 5 (40.1) 0.226 0.634
 Female 133 (61.0) 48 (63.2) 57 (59.9)   
Age (years)
 ≤44 89 (40.8) 45 (59.2) 44 (31.0) 16.324 <0.001
 >44 129 (69.2) 31 (40.8) 98 (69.0)   
Marriage status
 Married 179 (82.1) 58 (76.3) 12 (85.2) 2.667 0.102
 Others 39 (17.9) 18 (23.7) 21 (14.8)   
Education
 Primary/secondary 73 (33.4) 19 (25.0) 54 (38.0) 3.773 0.052
 Diploma/degree 145 (66.5) 57 (75.0) 88 (62.0)   
Employment status
 Yes 172 (78.9) 71 (93.4) 101 (71.1) 14.779 < 0.001
 No 46 (21.1) 5 (6.6) 41 (28.9)   
BMI
 ≤24 134 (61.5) 47 (61.8) 87 (61.3) 0.007 0.934
 >24 84 (38.5) 29 (38.2) 55 (38.7)   
Medical diagnosis
 Cardiovascular 71 (32.6) 20 (28.2) 51 (78.1)   
 Cerebrovascular 27 (12.4) 11 (40.7) 16 (59.3) 4.137 0.388
 Respiratory 64 (29.4) 27 (42.2) 37 (57.8)   
 DM 33 (15.1) 12 (36.4) 21 (63.6)   
 More than one 23 (10.5) 6 (26.1) 17 (73.9)   
Exercise frequency
 None/seldom 48 (22.0) 8 (10.5) 40 (28.2) 10.311 0.016
 Occasionally 63 (28.9) 22 (28.9) 41 (28.9)   
 1–2 times/week 44 (20.2) 20 (26.3) 24 (16.9)   
 3–4 times/week 63 (28.9) 26 (34.2) 37 (26.1)   
Exercise time
 <30 min 64 (29.4) 19 (25.0) 45 (31.7) 1.760 0.415
 30–60 min 99 (45.4) 39 (51.3) 60 (42.3)   
 >60 min 55 (25.2) 18 (23.7) 37 (26.1)   
Perceiving their chronic disease need doing reasonable exercises
 Yes 159 (72.9) 61 (80.3) 98 (69.0) 3.174 0.075
 No 59 (27.1) 15 (19.7) 44 (31.0)   
Perceiving their chronic disease need exercise instructions
 Yes 113 (51.8) 46 (60.5) 67 (47.2) 3.530 0.060
 No 105 (48.2) 30 (39.5) 75 (52.8)   
Need reminders to doing exercise
 Yes 78 (35.8) 26 (34.2) 52 (36.6) 0.768 0.420
 No 140 (64.2) 50 (65.8) 90 (63.4)   
Need monitor physical status when doing exercise
 Yes 148 (67.9) 55 (72.4) 93 (65.5) 1.074 0.300
 No 70 (32.1) 21 (27.6) 49 (32.1)   
Perceiving their chronic disease need professional support
 Yes 156 (71.6) 59 (77.6) 97 (68.3) 2.115 0.146
 No 62 (28.4) 17 (22.4) 45 (31.7)   
Acceptance of charged apps
 Yes 26 (11.9) 7 (9.2) 19 (13.4) 0.819 0.025
 No 192 (88.1) 69 (90.8) 123 (86.6)