• PtDA encourages patients to participate in medical decision-making.
• PtDA provides overview of (all) available options for medication.
• PtDA provides the opportunity to compare options for medication.
• PtDA supports patients to gain insight into their preferences, worries and questions regarding medication.
• PtDA urges patients to express their preferences, worries and questions about initiating medication.
Requirements for content, design and distribution
• The PtDA includes information about the decision-making process, SDM and the importance of the role of the patient.
• Available options for medication are listed to provide an overview.
• Medication can be compared for:
o Clinical aspects: aim and working mechanism of medication, manner of administration, time to benefit, risks for side effects, follow-up process, combination with other drugs, influence on fertility/pregnancy, continuing or stopping medication and history of medication.
o Possible implications for daily life: restrictions for nutrition and alcohol, storage instructions, influence on daily routine and guidelines for traveling.
o Appropriate treatment options are tailored to individual patient.
o Content of information is tailored to individual patient based on gender.
o Content of information is tailored to individual patient based on desire to have children.
o Content of information is tailored to individual patient based on risk profilea.
• Information in PtDA is easy to read:
o Pictograms are used as much as possible to decrease amount of text.
o Pictures and videos are used to provide insight into administration of medication.
o Information is written in plain language with links to definitions.
o Information is provided in portions; amount and complexity of information can be adapted to individual needs.
• PtDA provides the opportunity to give value to specific treatment options and features of the specific treatment options.
• PtDA includes exercises to gain insight into patients’ preferences, worries and questions.
• PtDA provides a summary of patients’ notes, preferences, worries and questions which can be saved and printed.
• Can be used at home (i.e. outside the hospital).
• Does not take more than 30 minutes to complete (on average).