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Table 1 Associations between development process variables and involvement of members of vulnerable populations

From: Involving members of vulnerable populations in the development of patient decision aids: a mixed methods sequential explanatory study

Variable Projects that specifically involved members of vulnerable populations (n = 30) Projects that did not specifically involve members of vulnerable populations (n = 157) Odds Ratio (95% Confidence Interval), P value
Decision aid users were involved in an informal needs assessment 22 (73%) 63 (40%) 2.96 (1.18,7.99), P = .02*
Decision aid users were involved in a content review prior to prototype development 9 (30%) 25 (16%) 0.96 (0.31,2.71), P = .94
Decision aid users were involved in a pilot test 26 (87%) 111 (71%) 1.75 (0.53,7.03), P = .37
Developers asked users their thoughts & opinions of the tool 27 (90%) 117 (75%) 1.67 (0.48,7.83), P = .44
Developers assessed the impact of the decision aid on users 25 (83%) 146 (93%) 0.49 (0.12,2.10), P = .32
An advisory panel of users was involved in the project 8 (27%) 16 (10%) 2.04 (0.61,6.47), P = .24
Decision aid users were recruited through community-based organizations 12 (40%) 17 (11%) 3.48 (1.23,9.83), P = .02*
Decision aid users were compensated/incentivized in some way 16 (53%) 54 (34%) 1.41 (0.55,3.54), P = .47
An expert panel of academics, clinicians, etc. was involved in the project 22 (73%) 90 (57%) 1.76 (0.66,5.10), P = .27
The project team had formal links with a specific patient or consumer organization 7 (23%) 21 (13%) 0.87 (0.23,2.92), P = .83
  1. *P < .05