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Table 2 Demographics and standard traditional pattern diagnosis of frequently used Kampo formulas

From: Predicting Japanese Kampo formulas by analyzing database of medical records: a preliminary observational study

  Number Mean age ± SD Male: Female Mean BMI ± SD Excess-Deficiency Heat-Cold Body constituents (Qi-Blood-Fluid)
Hachimijiogan 54 71.9 ± 9.6 19:35 22.9 ± 3.1 Deficiency Cold Fluid disturbance
Kamishoyosan 46 53.5 ± 13.3 0:46 22.2 ± 2.4 Deficiency Tangled heat and cold Qi counterflow
Blood stasis
Keishikaryukotsuboreito 33 56.3 ± 14.1 2:31 18.6 ± 2.2 Deficiency Intermediate Qi counterflow
Keishibukuryogan 29 49.0 ± 15.1 0:29 23.2 ± 3.4 Intermediate Intermediate Qi counterflow
Blood stasis
Shimbuto 17 62.4 ± 18.4 2:15 20.2 ± 4.0 Deficiency Cold Fluid disturbance
Bukuryoingohangekobokuto 17 55.6 ± 14.3 1:16 20.7 ± 3.6 Deficiency Intermediate Qi stagnation
Fluid disturbance
Yokukansan 17 51.9 ± 16.0 2:15 21.3 ± 2.6 Intermediate Heat Not defined
Tokishakuyakusan 15 49.1 ± 16.4 0:15 20.2 ± 1.5 Deficiency Cold Blood stasis
Fluid disturbance
Hochuekkito 12 60.6 ± 16.1 2:10 22.0 ± 2.7 Deficiency Intermediate Qi deficiency
Tokishigyakukagoshuyushokyoto 11 58.1 ± 13.7 0:11 22.6 ± 3.0 Deficiency Cold Not defined
Overall 393 57.9 ± 16.3 56:337 21.5 ± 3.3    
  1. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index, SD Standard deviation